Cambodia - Floods OCHA Situation Report No. 1

Situation Report
Originally published
Ref. OCHA/GVA - 2002/0176
OCHA Situation Report No. 1
Cambodia - Floods
27 August 2002

This report is based on information provided by the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Cambodia, the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM), NGOs and media reports.

Situation and Damage

1. While southern provinces of Cambodia are still facing severe drought conditions, northeastern, eastern and southwestern provinces located along the Mekong River are now being affected by floods (Stung Treng, Kratie, Kampong Cham, Prey Veng and Kandal). These floods are due to heavy rainfall which occurred recently in the northeastern parts of the country and due to the rainfall and storms which hit upstream countries (Thailand and Lao). As of 23 August, water levels in Stung Treng, Kratie and Kampong Cham provinces have overtaken the alarm level and all the water Monitoring Stations in Cambodia (MRC) forecast continued increases for this week, especially in southern provinces (Prey Veng and Kandal). Water levels are expected to rise in the downstream provinces, Kandal and Prey Veng, by the end of this week. According to media reports, one million people have been affected by the floods, 14 people have been killed and around 450,000 people have been displaced. No property damage has been reported so far. The World Food Programme (WFP) reported on 23 August that 2,155 hectares of crops were affected. There is now deep concern over food shortages for the most vulnerable population groups for next year. On 25 August, the Cambodian Prime Minister declared a 'disaster situation' for Cambodia.

National and International Response

2. The Royal Government of Cambodia has endowed rice, fuel, sandbags, mobile houses and other supplies to provide emergency assistance to the affected people. On 22 August, the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM) conducted a joint damage and needs assessment of the flood situation in Stung Treng and Kratie provinces. On 23 August, in a declaration 'on the disaster situation in year 2002', the Prime Minister stated Cambodia would welcome international assistance and contribution of resources for emergency relief and recovery.

3. The Cambodia Royal Armed Forces have been mobilised to evacuate people from the catchment areas to higher ground.

4. The Cambodian Red Cross (CRC) is distributing 74 mt of food rice, 500 food items, 600 households kits and medicines to the drought and flood affected areas. It plans to issue a national 'request for international assistance'.

5. WFP, UNICEF and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) participated in the joint damage and needs assessment on the situation in Stung Treng and Kratie provinces. The United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) is closely monitoring the situation and is now meeting on a weekly basis.

6. So far OCHA has not received a request for international assistance.

7. OCHA is in close contact with the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Cambodia and will revert with further information, as it becomes available.

8. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at

Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23

In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Desk Officers:
Ms. S. de Souza/ Mr. M. Mozas
Direct Tel. +41-22-917 16 36/22 93

Press contact:
(GVA) - Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53
(N.Y.) - Mr. Brian Grogan, direct Tel. +1-212-963 11 43

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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