Cabo Verde

Initial Assessment Report - Cabo Verde Volcano Eruption



The analysis in this document is based on the assessment conducted by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team and secondary data consolidated by the United Nations Office in Cabo Verde.

A volcano eruption in Fogo Island, Cabo Verde, began on 23 November and continues as of 8 December 2014. The eruption has had direct impact on the people living in Chã das Caldeiras, the volcano crater area. An estimated 1000 people have been evacuated from the area, of which 838 have been relocated in temporary accommodation centres and in houses built in the aftermath of the 1995 eruption. The affected people are a predominantly rural community, whose subsistence largely, if not solely, depends on agriculture and livestock.
As of 8 December, civil protection authorities report that lava has destroyed 90 buildings, including the national park headquarters, wine production facilities, a primary school and a hotel, as well as more than 429 hectares of land, resulting in great material and economic loss and leaving many without a source of income. As of 8 December, 95% of Portela and 70% of Bangaeira have been destroyed by the lava. The lava continues to advance, threatening communities downslope from the crater.