FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Late and poorly-distributed rain lead to reduced harvest
Restricted production outlook to result in worsening food security situation Late and poorly-distributed rain to lead to reduced harvest
Harvesting of the 2017 cereal and pulses crops was completed in December. The late onset of the rains delayed the start of the cropping season and irregular precipitation throughout the agricultural season was insufficient to replenish the deficit. In September 2017, typically the wettest month on the archipelago, very little rain was recorded aside from a number of areas in Santo Antão and Fogo. Virtually no rain was observed in October 2017, creating pockets of dryness across the country, which severely impeded crop development.
Pests, including Senegalese grasshoppers and southern green stinkbugs, aggravated unfavourable weather conditions. A major and widespread attack of Fall Armyworms was reported at the national level, but had a particularly severe impact in on Santiago, Fogo and Santo Antão regions. The Fall Armyworm attacks have affected maize crops in Santiago and Fogo, the two islands that together account for about 85 percent of the maize production.
Poor rainfall also impeded the production of pastures and the replenishment of groundwater reserves, especially in the subhumid, semi-arid and arid strata of the archipelago. The widespread shortage of grazing and the poor condition of the animals have put an additional downward pressure on the sale price of animals that were already 50 percent below their average price.
The combined impact of poor weather conditions and phytosanitary situation had a catastrophic impact on the production of beans, which is forecasted at 6.5 tonnes in 2017, a considerable reduction compared to around 4 000 tonnes in the previous year. Aggregate cereal production in 2017, consisting largely of maize, is estimated at about 4 000 tonnes, 30 percent below the previous year’s level and 20 percent below the fiveyear average.