Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde: Fogo Volcano Emergency Situation Report No. 11 (as of 11 December 2014)

Situation Report
Originally published



  • The Chã das Caldeiras area has been evacuated following the eruption of Pico Fogo Volcano on 23 November and access restricted since 7 December by Civil Protection authorities due to increased volcanic activity and increased concentration of SO2 and CO2 gases.

  • Updated figures indicate that 1080 persons have been displaced and are currently housed in temporary accommodation centres, shelter units built after the 1995 eruption, and with host families.

  • Local authorities are working on a contingency plan for the possible evacuation of Cutelo Alto and Fonsaco areas. According to analysis provided by the local scientific community and international experts in Fogo, if the lava flow reaches Fernão Gomes, it may descend the north-east side of the volcano. An additional 2109 people would in this scenario need to be evacuated and require temporary accommodation and assistance. Presently, in the worst case scenario, at the decreased current flow rate, the lava would reach the area of Fernão Gomes within 7 to 10 days, according to experts.

  • As a preventive measure, the Civil Protection has identified the area surrounding the football stadium in Mosteiros as a location where 20 tents sent by the Civil Protection in Praia to Fogo could be set up, should there be a need to host displaced people in the worst case scenario. About 60% of the 2109 persons have accommodation with host families and have started evacuation of their belongings spontaneously. There is no official evacuation order.

  • According to reports from the Civil Protection, approximately 95% of the community of Portela and 70% of the community of Bangaeira has been destroyed.

  • About 450 hectares of land have been destroyed, including about 120 hectares of various crops. Crops have been lost and livestock also perished.

  • Volcanic activity continues, although no immediate threat to human health is reported.

  • Humanitarian assistance is ongoing. Displacement will continue for a period of time to be determined as conditions in Chã das Caldeiras are not safe for return.

2109 At potential risk of displacement

1080 Displaced from Chã das Caldeiras area

933 Receiving assistance in displacement sites

100 Buildings destroyed

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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