Solutions in West Africa - Ivorian refugees - Q3 2018
Voluntary repatriation is the most viable durable solution for Ivorian refugees in West Africa. UNHCR also pursues local integration and resettlement, the latter as a protection tool. UNHCR in Côte d’Ivoire has been implementing community-based programmes to address the needs and improve the living conditions of returnees, refugees, former IDPs, and stateless people.
From 2011 to date, 198,606 persons repatriated spontaneously. Additionally, 70,976 persons returned through a facilitated process. UNHCR’s protection monitoring ensures returnee integration. To foster peaceful coexistence in the areas of return, UNHCR, the government and a local partner have invested in a programme of participatory theatre, focussing on peace-building.
UNHCR continues to facilitate voluntary repatriation. To encourage returns, UNHCR has increased the voluntary repatriation package from $150 to $300 per adult, and from $100 to $150 per child, since December 2017.
In 2018, UNHCR aims to repatriate over 3,000 Ivorian refugees. For those refugees who opt for local integration, this process is underway in partnership with local/host governments. UNHCR continues to pursue resettlement for those with urgent and specific needs.
Many Ivorian fled or were displaced during 2002/7 and 2010/11 conflicts. At the height of the crisis in 2011, 250,000 Ivorian were refugees in Liberia, Ghana, Guinea, and Togo and over 1 million people were internally displaced.