Côte d’Ivoire suffered a series of political crises, which degenerated into conflicts, beginning in 2002. The conflicts resulted in numerous deaths, more than one million internally displaced people and refugees, serious human rights violations and deep mistrust within and between communities and security forces. Since the end of open conflict in 2011, Côte d’Ivoire has made significant progress as reflected in improvements in its security indices and the departure of the UN peacekeeping mission (UNOCI) in June 2017. The country, however, continues to face some residual challenges. In 2017, some elements in the armed forces staged several mutinies. PBF has been a major partner to the country since the end of the open conflict to date.
PBF Investments in Côte d’Ivoire:
Total allocation: $42 million invested since 2012
Current portfolio: $12.15 million
Support to judiciary system
Partners: UNDP, UN Women, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNESCO, IOM, FAO, Care International
PBF support to Côte d’Ivoire began in 2012, following the end of post-electoral crisis and a joint request from the Government and ONUCI to intervene. PBF support has since been renewed twice, with a cumulative allocation of USD $42 million.
The PBF and its partners have targeted the most sensitive areas, particularly in the west and center of the country. These were affected by displacement and then return of populations, which exacerbated tensions between communities. PBF support has covered key sectors, from socio-economic recovery activities, support to youth and women’s networks and electoral early warning systems, to the establishment of legal clinics, birth registration, land registration, reforms in the security sector and DDR.
Yet this support did not come without challenges: some reforms in the security sector require legal changes, which may be beyond the reach of UN support. Also, DDR support can be challenging as some former combatants reject the community reintegration approach and demand monetary compensation. Re-establishing community trust in the state and especially in the security sector is a long-term process and requires dedication from community and government leaders alike. Currently, PBF support focuses primarily on supporting the transition process and addressing some of the residual challenges and potential risks to stability following the closure of the UN peacekeeping mission in Côte d’Ivoire in June 2017 and in the lead-up to the next elections.