Côte d'Ivoire + 2 more

Independent Review of the Value Added of the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Ghana

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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  1. The post-electoral conflict in Côte d’Ivoire in 2010-2011 caused large scale population movements inside the country and across its borders, in particular to Liberia. The number of internally displaced people and refugees peaked at the end of March 2011 as a result of intensified fighting, which only abated after the arrest of former president Laurent Gbagbo in mid-April 2011. Displaced and refugee populations started returning to their home areas and humanitarian access in Côte d’Ivoire improved, but fears of retaliation prompted thousands of supporters of former President Gbagbo to seek refuge in neighbouring countries.

  2. Humanitarian response capacities were scarce at the onset of the crisis, because as Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia were emerging from civil war, UN agencies and international NGOs had been downsizing or reorienting their activities towards development. In Ghana, most international actors were engaged in development work. UN agencies had anticipated the regional dimension of a possible crisis but not its eventual scope2 .

  3. Separate Emergency Humanitarian Action Plans (EHAPs) for Liberia, on the one hand, and Côte d’Ivoire and four neighbouring countries, on the other hand, were issued in mid-January 2011, but despite a few early contributions, donors were rather slow in responding, presumably, according to the prevailing view in the subregion, because the Libyan crisis and the Arab spring overshadowed the Côte d’Ivoire crisis. Resident/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/HCs) of Côte d’Ivoire, rLiberia, and Ghana requested CERF Rapid Response (RR) funding in 2011, as did UNHCR for a regional project for Benin, Guinea (Conakry) and Togo.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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