During disasters, affected populations may face challenges that material assistance alone cannot adaquately address. For example, conflicts or natural disasters often separate families, disrupting normal care-giving for children, elderly, and disabled persons. Displacement, loss of family members, or disruption of livelihoods may increase vulnerability to violence, exploitation, and abuse for men, women, and children. Conflict exposes some people to harmful threats from attacks or landmines. Disaster-affected populations confront protection challenges like these in many countries throughout the world. In response, USAID/OFDA promotes the protection of disaster-affected populations by supporting specific protection activities that minimize the risks and address the effects of harm, exploitation, and abuse, and by working with implementing partners to incorporate protection principles into all other relief activities.