Côte d'Ivoire + 3 more

Guinea humanitarian update 31 Jan 2003

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Overview of influx per January 31, 2003
This is a summary of the humanitarian situation at the border between Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire.1

Prior to the outbreak of armed conflict in Cote d'Ivoire on 19 September, Guinea hosted some 92,536 refugees, divided between 55% Liberian and 45% Sierra Leonean. Most have chosen to reside in refugee camps, while a significant number has decided to stay within host-communities in the Guinea Forestiere region.

The hostilities in Cote d'Ivoire prompted a multifaceted influx of people into Guinea, divided between Guinean evacuees, refugees and foreign nationals in transit. The majority of persons have arrived at entry points mainly in the Prefectures of Lola and Beyla in Guinea Forestiere, although arrivals have also been registered in the Prefecture of Mandiana, as well as in Conakry.

The establishment of a coordinated monitoring mechanism for Lola Prefecture involving local authorities and UN Agencies came into place in the end of December. Meanwhile, teams from the Croix Rouge Guineenne have registered arrivals at border points along the entire border. The Service National d'Action Humanitaire (SENAH) has collected data from border authorities.

Below is an approximate breakdown of the situation as it has evolved since the end of September, bearing in mind the difficulty in obtaining exact numbers, particularly for the Prefectures of Beyla and Mandiana.

Guinean nationals:

According to the Service National d'Action Humanitaire (SENAH) and the Croix Rouge Guineenne, some 52.000 Guineans have arrived in the Prefectures of Mandiana, Beyla and Lola, as well as in Conakry in the period 27 September to 27 January. The vast majority has arrived in Lola Prefecture with lesser numbers in the Prefectures of Beyla and Mandiana. Between December 26 and January 21, some 3,113 Guineans have arrived at various entry points in the Beyla Prefecture. In Conakry, some 2,977 persons have arrived via boat and aircraft.

Since the end of September persons with other nationalities have entered Guinea, either as refugees or as foreign nationals in transit.

Refugees:

Ivorian: According to the UNHCR, some 2.752 Ivorian refugees are currently residing in the Nonah camp, having been transferred there since mid-December. However, the actual number of Ivorians having arrived in Guinea remains higher, but many have chosen to stay with family along the border, or transit via Conakry to Abidjan or elsewhere. As such, the Croix Rouge Guinenne has registered 10.779 Ivorians at entry points along the border in the period since end-September.

Liberian: Since December, UNHCR has transferred some 2.845 Liberian refugees arriving from Cote d'Ivoire to the existing refugee camp in Laine, bringing the total number of refugees in that camp to 9.315. Some 1.350 Liberian refugees are currently receiving temporary shelter in the reception center of Bossou, while 911 Liberian refugees are residing in Maison de Jeune in Lola. As such, some 5,106 Liberian refugees have arrived from Cote d'Ivoire since the eruption of the crisis.

Foreign nationals in transit:

The Croix Rouge Guinenneen has registered some 10.970 persons of other African nationalities, crossing the border into Guinea, to use the country as a transit for returning to their countries of origin. The main nationalities are Malian, Burkinabe, Ghanaian, Senegalese, Nigerien and Nigerian. Of these, more than 3.600 have arrived at border points in the Prefecture of Lola, while the remainder has traversed entry points in the Mandiana and Beyla Prefectures.

Refugee camps and reception centres:

Per January 28, the situation in the various shelter facilities established by Guinean authorities and UNHCR, in corporation with other UN Agencies and NGOs, is the following:

Laine refugee camp:
9.315 Liberian refugees
Nonah refugee camp:
2.923 Ivorian refugees/18 Liberian refugees
Kouankan refugee camp:
33,422 refugees (33,349 Liberian/73 Sierra Leonean)
Kola refugee camp:
6,789 refugees (6,553 Liberian/236 Sierra Leonean)
Bossou transit center:
1.350 refugees (mainly Liberian)
Maison de Jeunes (Lola):
1.023 refugees (911 Liberian refugees/112 other)
Baala entry point
(temporary reception center):
510 persons (foreign nationals of various nationalities)

Main entry points:

The main entry points for the 6,279 persons having entered the Prefecture of Lola for the month of January have been:

Thuo:
1.875 persons
Pine:
1.657 persons
N'Zoo:
1.143 persons
Tunkarata:
480 persons
Baala:
1.125 persons (between 18 - 29 January)

Between December 26 and January 21, some 3.449 persons arrived in the Beyla Prefecture, including 3113 Guinean nationals and 299 Ivorians.

According to OCHA N'Zerekore, there has been a sudden influx of 1.125 persons at the border point of Baala (Dieke sub-prefecture) from 18 - 29 January, including 593 Malian, 362 Guinean, 78 Nigerien, 9 Mauritanian, 1 Ivorian and 82 of other nationalities. Presently, some 510 persons remain at the entry point without means for further transportation. The local Guinean authorities have stated their inability to financing onward travels for this group.

The Governor of the N'Zerekore region has stated that due to the proximity to the border, a reception center will not be established in Dieke, while stating the urgency in having all arrivals swiftly moved away from the border region and that failure to do so could prompt the closure of entry-points in this area. Negotiations are ongoing concerning the possible intervention of the UNHCR for relocation, while the IOM has stated that lack of funding has forced a temporary halt on its operations in the region.

For immediate provisional emergency assistance, UNICEF has provided blankets, MSF-S has established a temporary health-facility, WFP has distributed biscuits for children and ACF has provided water. OCHA undertook an assessment mission to the area on January 29.

Footnote

1 The information used in this document has been gathered by OCHA from the Service National d'Action Humanitaire (SENAH), Croix Rouge Guinenneen and the UNS Guinea.

For further information, please contact Sune H. Gudnitz, OCHA Guinea Information Officer, at sune.gudnitz@undp.org

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.