1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The political context in Côte D'Ivoire (CDI) changed significantly following the signing of the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement on 4 March 2007 under the auspices of President Compaoré of Burkina Faso. As a result the stakeholders, including Government representatives, NGOs, and United Nations Agencies, in addition to the donor community, deemed it crucial to review the Common Humanitarian Action Plan of the 2007 Côte d'Ivoire CAP, along with the projects. A full review of the CAP has thus been necessary as the most likely scenario and strategic humanitarian priorities for the sector response plans essentially differ.
Despite some delays, the Government's roadmap for the implementation of the Agreement is progressing, and the overall economic profile of the country is relatively encouraging. However, issues such as population displacement and return, slow redeployment of the administration, poor basic social services, and land and nationality disputes remain major threats to social cohesion, stability, and the fragile peace process.
To adequately respond to current humanitarian needs and emerging recovery and development requirements, flexibility and complementarity are needed from both humanitarian and development actors. In this regard, the humanitarian community decided to seize the opportunity of the Mid-Year Review to focus on identifying and responding to the current humanitarian and protection needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees, refugees and other vulnerable communities, including host communities in both displacement and return areas. Needs related to early recovery and development will be addressed through the relevant mechanisms.
Most of the new projects in the Mid-Year Review thus address needs related to IDPs, returnees, and refugees among other vulnerable populations. However, in the event of massive population movements resulting in a new humanitarian emergency, especially in the impoverished zones, a flash appeal would be considered. This implies maintaining the heightened state of preparedness, including the capacity to respond rapidly to the diverse needs that might be generated from crises in neighbouring countries.
Appealing agencies revised their project proposals both in terms of funding requirements and relevance to correspond to the current post-crisis context determined by the Peace Agreement. Funding requirements in the sectors of health, water and sanitation, and education were significantly reviewed to reflect current humanitarian needs.
Thirteen new projects have been included to address needs in protection, social cohesion and food sectors. For the first time, World Food Programme Côte d'Ivoire introduced its Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation food requirements of US$ 13.9 million (1) in the CAP 2007 Mid-Year Review.
According to Financial Tracking Service (FTS), as of 21 June 2007, $14 million (25%), including $4.2 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), had been disbursed out of the $56.4 million originally required. Following the downward review of the total requirements of CAP 2007 to $51.5 million, the unmet requirements have dropped to $37.5 million, bringing overall coverage of the revised requirements at 27%.
SOME BASIC FACTS ABOUT CÔTE D'IVOIRE
- Population: 15,366,000 persons
- Under 5 mortality: 195 p/1,000 (UNICEF 2005)
- Life expectancy: 45.9 years (UNDP HDR 2006)
- Prevalence of undernourishment in total population: 13% (FAO Statistical Division 2004 estimate)
- Gross national income per capita: USD 870 (World Bank Key Development Data & Statistics 2005)
- Percentage of population living on less than $1 per day: 14.8% (WHOSIS 2005)
- Proportion of population without sustainable access to an improved drinking water source: 84% (MDG 2004)
- IDPs (number and percent of population): 709,380 (4.6%) (UNHCR 2006)
In-country 10–15,000 Liberians (CAP MYR 2007)
Abroad 27,288 Ivorians (UNHCR 2007)
- ECHO Vulnerability and Crisis Index score: 3/3 (most severe rank)
- 2006 UNDP Human Development Index score: 0.421: 164th of 177 – low (UNDP HDR 2006)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- Some Basic Facts About Côte d'Ivoire
- Table I and II: Summary of Requirements – by Sector and by Appealing Organisation
2. CHANGES IN CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES
3. COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
3.1 Impact of the Lack of Funding on Humanitarian Programmes
Water and Sanitation
3.3 Strategic priorities
4. RESPONSE PLAN
4.2 Coordination and support services
4.5 Multi sector
4.8 Social cohesion
4.9 Water and Sanitation
LIST OF PROJECTS AND IMPLEMENTATION STATUS
NEW AND REVISED PROJECTS
- Food Security
- Water and Sanitation and Hygiene
ANNEX I. ADDITIONAL FUNDING TABLES
ANNEX II ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
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