· As overall security conditions in Côte d’Ivoire further stabilize, displaced populations continue to return home from within the country and from Liberia, although localized insecurity—particularly in southwestern Côte d’Ivoire and Abidjan—still inhibits returns to some areas and results in additional displacement. Relief agencies, including USAID partners, continue to provide humanitarian assistance to returning populations and other conflict-affected people. However, as acute humanitarian needs subside, some relief agencies are ending operations or reducing staff presence in western Côte d’Ivoire, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
· In Liberia, diminishing host community resources and poor rainy-season road conditions, which impede humanitarian access to communities hosting refugees near the Liberia–Côte d’Ivoire border, have prompted the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to continue the voluntary relocation of refugees from host communities to camps, according to relief agencies. On September 1, the Government of Liberia and UNHCR opened a sixth refugee camp in southeastern Liberia to accommodate up to 25,000 Ivorians who have been living in host communities. UNHCR will continue to support the relocation of up to 48,000 more refugees to the six existing camps by December. As of September 21, approximately 32,000 refugees resided in the six camps.
· In FY 2011, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) provided more than $11.9 million in assistance to address the humanitarian needs of conflict-affected communities in Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia, while USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided nearly $26.8 million for emergency food assistance, regional food procurement, and cash transfer programs to bolster livelihoods. The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) provided $31.5 million for refugee and internally displaced person (IDP) assistance and camp coordination. In total, the U.S. Government provided more than $70 million in humanitarian assistance, benefiting IDPs, refugees, host community members, and other conflict-affected populations in Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and neighboring countries.