Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire: Progress in the peace process allows cautious optimism for IDPs

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Côte d'Ivoire's 700,000 or more internally displaced persons (IDPs) are witnessing a new opportunity for cautious optimism, after the Government and rebel Forces Nouvelles leaders directly negotiated and signed the Ouagadougou Peace Accord on 4 March 2007. The Peace Accord provides for the formation of a new unity government and the reunification of the country through the dismantlement of the "Zone of Confidence" between the government-controlled south and the rebel-held north. While this progress is enabling some displaced people to return or resettle, the overall situation remains fragile, and needs to improve further before IDPs can voluntarily return to their areas of origin or resettle in another area of the country in safety and with dignity.

It remains unclear whether the new government will be able to implement the road map for peace according to the deadlines set out in the Ouagadougou Accord. Delays in the implementation of the plan were already registered due to the lack of funding, the capacity limitations of national institutions and the need for a careful balance between political and military aspirations over the sensitive issue of dismantling both pro- and anti-government militias and integrating them into the regular army.

Read Special Country Report, November 2005