Côte d'Ivoire - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #17, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011
During a recent visit to western Côte d’Ivoire, staff from USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) observed that road security in the region is generally improving, as ambushes that occurred in July have ceased, and improvised checkpoints have not reappeared on main roads. In Abidjan, the Office of the U.N High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that most internally displaced persons (IDPs) had returned to the heavily affected neighborhoods of Yopougon and Abobo as of late July. Commercial activities have resumed in both neighborhoods, and many local institutions and civil services are now functional.
USAID/OFDA staff note that although the humanitarian situation in western Côte d’Ivoire has not changed significantly in recent weeks, security incidents, food shortages, financial constraints, and the destruction of homes are among the primary factors continuing to prevent some refugees and IDPs from returning. In early August, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) reported a significant increase in the number of returnees along the Côte d’Ivoire– Liberia border. Population movement in western Côte d’Ivoire remains fluid, as ongoing insecurity and uncertainty regarding the availability of assistance cause many refugees to return only temporarily to assess security, inhibiting more permanent returns, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
To meet ongoing needs, USAID/OFDA recently provided an additional $800,000 to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for protection activities benefiting conflict-affected children and women in Moyen-Cavally and Dix-Huit Montagnes regions, western Côte d’Ivoire. UNICEF will help strengthen family reunification efforts, provide psychosocial assistance for children, and establish protection action networks to prevent sexual and gender-based violence. In addition, USAID/OFDA recently provided more than $325,000 to WFP for continued operation of the U.N. Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) between Abidjan and Man, western Côte d’Ivoire. UNHAS service enables relief agency staff to better access affected areas in the west.
To date in FY 2011, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $10 million to reduce the impact of conflict and displacement on populations in Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia through distribution of emergency relief commodities and interventions in agriculture and food security, economic recovery, health, livelihoods, nutrition, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). In total, the U.S. Government has provided more than $58 million in humanitarian assistance to date.