World Vision Burundi Multiple Crises Situation Report (January 2018)

Situation Report
Originally published



• Average harvests expected: Rains have been above average in January, ending the December dry spell, which is likely to lead to average Season 2018A harvests, already underway. Most poor households are expected to remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2); however, in Gihanga Commune in Bubanza Province, maize production is likely to be below average due to a more severe dry spell and Fall Armyworm infestations, causing some poor households to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through the lean season in May.

• Rise in prices above average: As household and commercial stocks replenished with the initial harvest, staple food prices seasonally eased in January. Despite this decline, the overall prices of staples are likely to remain above five-year averages through May given the ongoing macroeconomic difficulties (low foreign currency reserves and a deteriorating national currency), limiting regional food imports and, occasionally, disrupting fuel imports.

• Refugees outside of country: As of January 31, 2018, the total number of Burundian refugees outside the country is 428, 496.

• Internally displaced people within Burundi: The DTM dashboard for the month of January 2018 that covers all 18 provinces of Burundi has identified 175,936 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 39,174 households. A total of 82% if the identified population are women and youth under 18 years.

• Influx in refugees from DRC: About 7,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) arrived in Burundi between 24 and 29 January due to escalation of fighting between the armed forces of the DRC (FARDC) and armed groups in South Kivu province.

Poor underlying conditions in affected areas of Burundi, including Rumonge and Makamba provinces, exacerbated acute shelter, food, WASH, health, and protection needs.

Transit centres and refugee camps in the country are overstretched.

• Malaria epidemic continues: Burundi still remains at high risk of epidemics. During the three first weeks of January 2018, figures from the Ministry of Health indicate already 333, 273 reported malaria cases, with 139 deaths. In 2017, 7,567,594 cases were reported and 3,277 died.