WFP Emergency Report No. 6 of 2005
(a) Humanitarian operations in the region affected by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami on 26 December, 2004, have entered the recovery and reconstruction phase as WFP continues to assist more than 1.345 million people across the region.
(b) With bottlenecks hampering the distribution of aid and causing unrest, Sri Lanka's President has ordered administrators to deliver entitlements to at least 70 per cent of people affected by the tsunami by February 7.
(c) WFP is working with the Iraqi government, through training and capacity building, to establish a specialist unit in Food Security Analysis and Monitoring.
(d) In the North Caucasus more than 140,000 people are in daily receipt of food from WFP. In addition, school feeding is reaching some 112,000 schoolchildren across Chechnya.
(e) The International Red Cross confirmed estimates that 2.3 million people, or two thirds of Eritrea's population, will need food assistance this year.
(f) Darfur continues be volatile with reports from North Darfur of 100 dead after Government aircraft bombed a village and of increased violence in South Darfur where several villages were attacked and burned.
(g) In the past week more than 400,000 refugees received around 1,100 tons of food in camps in western Tanzania, while in neighbouring Uganda WFP food distributions continue to sustain 1.4 million people.
(h) The rising levels of the Zambezi River and its tributaries are causing flooding and concern across much of central Mozambique and southern Malawi.
(i) In Madagascar Tropical Depression "Filapi" has left most of Tulear flooded and an estimated 11,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance.
(j) Across the globe in Guyana, WFP will provide food for one month to the 10,000 people worst-affected by devastating floods.
Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe
(a) Available information indicates that food provided to all Iraqis under the Public Distribution System (PDS) is underway in most governorates for January though shortages in some commodities are reported country wide, and shortages in nearly all PDS commodities are reported in Diyala, Ninewa, Sulaymania and Thi Qar. WFP continues monitoring in all 18 Iraqi governorates though information gathering continues to be hindered by insecurity. WFP is also continuing to work with the World Bank on the identification and analysis of safety net options with a view to possible PDS reform.
(b) Reports also indicate that many are selling their wheat flour rations to buy bread from bakeries at inflated prices. The main reason for this is that due fuel to shortages, fuel prices are extremely high, making it more expensive to make bread within the household.
(c) Further training on capacity building in food security analysis for Iraqi government officials is planned for this month, following the WFP training workshop in Cairo conducted in late December, 2004. The training marks the next step in the establishment of a Food Security Analysis and Monitoring Unit within the Central Office of Statistics and Information Technology (COSIT) under the Ministry of Planning and Technical Cooperation. The objective was to equip the staff of the new unit with technical expertise in administering and monitoring the vulnerability assessment/analysis, and food security monitoring.
(d) Training continues at the governorate and local levels on the implementation of the school feeding project being undertaken by WFP and the Ministries of Education and Health. A strategy for roll-out of the yearly school feeding design competition in Iraq is being prepared.
Russian Federation (Caucasus)
(a) During the latter part of January the security situation in the North Caucasus appeared unpredictable and tense. Law enforcement agencies continued operations against militants in both the republics of Ingushetia and Chechnya, resulting in a number of militants being killed or detained.
(b) In January, in the framework of general food distribution (GFD), WFP and its partners provided about 395 tons of food to more than 33,800 IDPs in Ingushetia and some 1,220 tons to 106,000 beneficiaries in Grozny city, Grozny Rural, Achkhoy-Martan and Sunzha districts of Chechnya. The school feeding programme (SF) expanded in Chechnya to assist some 112,000 schoolchildren in 10 districts of the republic; 755 tons of food earmarked for SF in January and February were distributed in December. SF in Ingushetia provided daily hot meals to about 1,670 children in the IDP schools in Nazran, Malgobek and Sleptsovsk regions.
(c) Some 172 food for work (FFW) groups with a total of 2,300 participants (representing 11,500 beneficiaries) were involved in implementing projects aimed at infrastructure rehabilitation in Chechnya - principally through the repair of schools, kindergartens, hospitals, etc.
(d) In Grozny city, WFP released some 13 tons of food to support the Dining Hall, where daily hot meals are provided for 1,600 of the city's most vulnerable people. Under the TB programme in Ingushetia and Chechnya , food for about 360 in- and outpatients was provided as incentive for completing their treatment; some 7 tons of food were released by WFP for this project.
(e) WFP has received about 62 percent of donations required to resource EMOP 10128.1 to June 2005. Within the next six months WFP expects shortfalls in sugar, salt, and high energy biscuits, which, if not covered, may affect all WFP programmes in the region.
East & Central Africa
(a) Last week, armed banditry increased in both the rural areas and in Bujumbura town. Allegations of abductions of civilians in Bujumbura Rural were reported to be have been carried out by both the Front for National Liberation (FNL) and the national army.
(b) WFP distributed close to 1,500 tons of food aid to over 240,000 beneficiaries under the various programme activities. WFP also provided 525 returnees from Tanzania with three-month return packages and another 278 returnees benefited from wet feeding while staying in transit camps. Some distributions were carried out without pulses due to insufficient stocks. Although there have been improvements during the past week, the expeditious delivery of food allocated to Burundi is still required in order enable WFP to respond to crises in the Northern provinces.
(c) Following the recent breakdown of aircraft, WFP contracted the service of another aircraft to ensure continuous humanitarian air transport support. The draft report from the joint FAO/WFP/UNICEF/Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission is expected by the end of the week.
(a) Over 20,000 peasant farmers have reportedly been displaced as they escape violence in areas 60 km from Bunia. A total of 15 people have been killed, 50 wounded and 220 huts incinerated. Many of the displaced were newly resettled from the Bunia airport camp. Humanitarian agencies, including WFP, have been assisting the IDPs (some 15,000) since 2002 and many of them have been resettled in their areas of origin since the last quarter of 2004.
(b) In South Kivu province, the Walungu and Kabare axes were closed to humanitarian workers by the United Nations Field Security Officer due to confrontations between armed groups. However, an improvement was reported in the security situation of North Kivu with the withdrawal of military troops.
(c) The WFP Humanitarian Air Service (HAS), launched in mid December 2004, was confronted with resistance from the aviation local authorities in Kindu (Maniema province). They grounded the HAS aircraft for a few hours demanding the payment of landing taxes.
(d) Returnees from Tanzania continued to gather in Uvira and Fizi territories (South Kivu provinces). Meanwhile, lack of access to drinking water in Uvira and Baraka exacerbated the present cholera outbreak. To compliment the medical assistance provided by various NGOs, WFP extended its food assistance to include poor hungry patients.
(e) To date USD 57 million or 35.5 percent has been resourced of the USD 160 million required to implement PRRO 10288.0 - populations affected by armed conflict - which commenced on 1 January 2004 and should end by 31 December 2005.
(a) On 2 February 2005, the first convoy of the voluntary repatriation phase for refugees originating from Somaliland scheduled to depart from Djibouti to various destinations in the province of Zeila, in Northern Somalia, was cancelled due to a problem of cash paid by UNHCR. The next convoy, previously scheduled for 8 February, has also been postponed.
(b) This year, it is expected that about 6,200 refugees will return home. Refugees originating from Somaliland constitute 95 percent of the WFP-assisted refugee caseload in Djibouti. In 2004, a total of 8,448 refugees were repatriated and WFP provided some 1,300 tons of food for repatriation packages.
(c) On 28 January 2005, the new Djibouti refugee operation, Food Assistance to Somali and Ethiopian Refugees [PRRO 10283.1], was approved. The project, due to start on 1 March 2005, will target 17,300 refugees in the three existing refugee camps of Ali Addeh, Holl Holl and Aour Aoussa. It is estimated that some 13,000 Somalilanders will be repatriated by December 2006. Those refugees remaining will be gathered into a single camp. The management of the operation will be fully supported by UNHCR.
(a) On 26 January 2005 a meeting of the Ethiopian and Eritrean UN Country Teams and the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) took place via videolink to discuss the historical context and priorities.
(b) The International Red Cross confirmed the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) estimate that 2.3 million people, or two thirds of Eritrea's population, will need food assistance this year. The agency is appealing for nearly USD 4.4 million to assist 55,000 people in 17 villages in Hagaz sub-district over a period of eight months. Private agencies and United Nations aid agencies will assist the rest of the population.
(c) On 31 January 2005 the UN Country Team organized a donor consultative meeting with regard to CAP 2005. At this meeting USAID stated that the US would meet about one third of the 2005 CAP needs as it did with CAP 2004. The European Union (EU) stated its intention to finance two NGO proposals amounting to EUR 6 million and that ECHO funds are available. The UK, Netherlands and Norway are consulting with their respective headquarters regarding their contributions.
(d) Resettlement of IDPs under a joint UNDP/UNICEF/WFP/Government of Eritrea (GoE) programme commenced on 31 January 2005 with the first 1,347 persons moving back to their places of origin in Lai Lay Gash sub-region. WFP will support the resettled population with food rations up till the first harvest for a maximum period of one year. Altogether 20,428 are expected to be moved to their places of origin within ten days.
(e) The villages in the central regions depend almost exclusively on agriculture and thus, are extremely hard hit by the drought. Since the villagers consider that most of members of the community need support, those who receive food aid redistribute their rations among those who do not. Thus, rations only cover estimated 15-20 percent of total requirements. Not surprisingly, Global Acute Malnutrition rates reach above 29 percent among children under five years of age in parts of Anseba region.
(f) The resourcing situation for EMOP 10261.01 has remained unchanged. Commitment coverage stands at US$ 29.45 million or approximately 85,000 tons of food commodities. This amount covers about 80 percent of this operation's total resource requirements. WFP's in-country food stocks will last until March 2005.
(a) Concerns persist about humanitarian conditions in the northern parts of the Afar region, where both the karma rains (June-September main season rains) and the Daada rains (short rains normally falling in November/December) have largely failed and negatively affected the availability of pasture in these areas, which are mainly inhabited by pastoralists. At this stage, major concerns are linked to animal health and pasture availability. However, though still not alarming, humanitarian partners are recognizing that food security indicators are deteriorating and there is a common understanding that regular food aid distributions have to be ensured during the coming months, in order to prevent further deterioration. In response to this situation, over 400,000 beneficiaries in the Afar region have received food rations consisting of cereals, corn soy blend and vegetable oil during January.
(b) In Oromia region, surveillance of lowland parts of East and West Hararghe and Arsi zones also shows acute shortages in some areas. These areas will be covered by the government's Productive Safety Net Program, and in order to respond to immediate humanitarian needs, some 1,600 ton of emergency food was dispatched during January and is currently being distribution to the identified beneficiaries.
(c) In line with the Humanitarian Appeal for 2005, it is projected that overall the number of people who will require emergency food aid for the month of February total 2.4 million beneficiaries, while the number will increase to 2.9 million for March. Due to current resource availability, the humanitarian community in Ethiopia will only be able to cover these needs for the month of February, while requirements for the month of March will remain largely uncovered unless new contributions are received. So far, only 17 percent of the cereal needs for the month of March is secured, and a full break in the cereal pipeline will occur in April. Although the supply of other food commodities is adequate for the coming two months, the supply of pulses and blended food will be reduced by April, and run out by May.
(d) Emergency needs are traditionally less during the first few months of the year, but increase by May and June when it is expected that as many as 3.1 million people will require emergency food aid. New contributions to the weak pipeline would enable continuous assistance to these food insecure populations and help in averting the deteriorating nutritional status in these communities.
(a) During the past week the political and security situation remained calm. However, the influx of Congolese refugees continued, while the influx of Burundian refugees has almost stabilised due to the relocation of refugees from the two camps of Ngenda and Gikonko near the Rwanda/Burundi border to a new camp, Nyamure in Butare province. The total number of Congolese and Burundian refugees now stands at 47,320.
(b) A total of 60 Rwandan returnees from Muyinga province, Burundi were registered at Akanyaru border and later returned to their provinces of origin.
(c) Between 25 and 28 January over 360 tons of food commodities was distributed to some 20,000 refugees at Gihembe camp to cover the needs for one month.
(d) Preliminary results of the January crop assessment mission for season 2005 indicate a shortfall of 128,000 tons, which will have to be met through imports and food aid. Discussions are ongoing with the Government of Rwanda (GoR) on the issue. Rations for the recovery component of the PRRO have been reduced and therefore refugee rations will be cut by March.
(a) In the south of Somalia humanitarian aid workers have been evacuated from Wajid and Hudur districts due to the heightening insecurity related incidents where inter-clan rivalries have lead to threats, shootings and car-jacking.
(b) WFP continues to assist and dispatch relief food assistance to the Tsunami victims. More than 430 tons of food commodities were distributed to 30,000 beneficiaries while another 51 tons were dispatched as relief distributions to assist the villages along the Red Sea coast that were affected by the recent deyr season floods and cyclones.
(c) WFP facilitated 14 flights through the UN Common Air Service (UNCAS) to transport humanitarian missions and journalists from major media houses into the north east region of Somalia to cover the after-effects of the Tsunami disaster and how the victims were coping with the aftermath.
(d) Medicins Sans Frontières (MSF) Holland has resumed activities in Marere and surrounding villages in lower Juba region in the south of Somalia where WFP is planning to field an assessment mission and hold meetings with NGOs, local authorities and elders to recommend and identify beneficiary locations and the best possible distribution modality.
(a) The security situation in the Darfur continues to be volatile. In North Darfur, reports that Government aircraft bombed the village of Rahad Kabolong, approximately 80 km south of El Fasher on 26 January, were received. Some 100 civilians were reported to have been killed. A number of NGOs in Shangal Tobay, relocated to El Fasher as a result. In South Darfur, unrest and attacks increased in areas south of Nyala during the week. Several villages were attacked and burned. Meanwhile, the Nyala-Menawashi-Mersheng road is now open to the UN. In West Darfur, the area north of the town of Sirba has been off-limits to UN staff since late last week because of violent clashes. Masteri, Beida, Konvo Haraza and Ararah localities are also restricted to the UN until further information on reported armed clashes is obtained. The situation is Saleah locality is returning to normal after last week's attacks. The African Union (AU) has established a presence in this area.
(b) The past month has been characterised by increased population movement, which has created difficulties in keeping track of the number of affected people. IDPs settled in established camps moved to other camps closer to urban centres due to insecurity. In addition, insecurity also forced some residents to move from their villages to IDP camps in safer areas.
(c) The voluntary return of Dinka IDPs to South Sudan continues. In the past week, 261 people left Khor Omer location for Bahr El Ghazal state. Khor Omer is now serving as a transit centre for Dinka IDPs returning to South Sudan.
(d) Airlifts and airdrops resumed during the week following waiver extensions for WFP aircraft over 20-years of age. Some 3,500 tons of food has been airlifted or airdropped into the Darfurs since 4 January, representing almost 70 percent of planned targets for the month.
(e) As of 31 January, more than 26,200 tons of food has been despatched by road and air from Khartoum and El Obeid to the Darfur state capitals. Despatches from the three state capitals to Cooperating Partners (CPs) between 1 and 31 January exceed 21,700 tons of food to an estimated 1.2 million beneficiaries (based on despatches).
(f) WFP is participating in an inter-agency livelihoods assessment mission led by FAO in Darfur. WFP is also working together with OCHA on the preparation of a plan of action to reach people who have not been accessed to date, due to either insecurity or limited capacity.
(g) Confirmed contributions to date amount to just over USD 240 million or almost 55 percent of total requirements. WFP faces considerable shortfalls in non-cereals, and has requested an additional loan of USD 20 million from the Immediate Response Account (IRA) for immediate regional procurement of non-cereals. This will also allow WFP to avoid breaks and start pre-positioning food before the rainy season. The Special Operation for logistics support faces a shortfall of USD 29 million and the WFP-Humanitarian Air Services faces a shortfall of USD 24 million.
(h) South Sudan - Port Sudan: As a result of the volatile situation in which 31 people were reportedly killed when police clashed with members of the Beja tribe who opposed the recent peace agreement (16 January) between the GoS and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), the WFP sub office in Port Sudan was closed for one day (28 January). WFP operations were also affected over a two-day period. UNSECOORD temporarily suspended UN staff movement to Port Sudan though this was resumed later.
(i) Kassala: Clashes in neighbouring Red Sea State continue to be of concern. WFP and UNICEF will lead an in-depth inter-agency assessment of the food and nutritional vulnerability of population groups living in rural areas in the Red Sea and Kassala States from mid-February to early March. Over 250 tons of food was distributed to some 15,000 beneficiaries. Another 1,000 tons of assorted food commodities were dispatched to the three new IDP camps. WFP called operational NGOs in Kassala for a meeting next week in preparation for the forthcoming Nutrition Baseline Survey in Eastern Sudan.
(j) Equatoria: Pockets of Lords Resistance Army (LRA) forces attacked military members in the area despite reinforcements provided by the state government in Bahr El Jebel State to protect the population in the Rejaf East area. There is a reported increase in the number of Ethiopian refugees from 70 last week to 85 during the reporting week. The Government has identified Lollogo camp as the one which will host the refugees. According to Action Contre la Faim (ACF) the nutritional status in Juba and Toirt towns remains stable. More than 315 tons of food was distributed to 13,000 beneficiaries in Eastern Equatoria.
(k) Bahr El Ghazal: Voluntary population movement from non-GoS controlled areas into Wau town continued. WFP is closely monitoring the situation on the ground. More than 300 tons of food was distributed to 16,500 beneficiaries.
(l) Kordofan: The security situation in Ghebaish Local Council in West Kordofan State remains tense. Field activities were halted and WFP staff in En Nahud were relocated to El Obeid due to insecurity. WFP approved a micro activity project in Abyei area together with UNDP. The proposed training focuses on agricultural extension, gender, peace building and literacy. Food will be distributed to 400 participants during the 120 days of the training.
(m) White Nile: More than 270 tons of mixed food of cereals and vegetable oil was dispatched from Kosti to northern Kordofan and El Fasher. Some 250 tons of locally purchased sorghum was received during the week.
(n) Confirmed contributions received to date against the newly approved phase of the EMOP, 10048.03, amount to USD 11 million, which represents 10,750 tons of food. Operational requirements are 270,000 tons of food or USD 301 million.
(a) In a statement to refugees in Kibondo District, western Tanzania, the Tanzanian Minister of Home Affairs said that Burundi was now peaceful and it was therefore time for all refugees to return to Burundi. The Tanzanian Government sees the refugees as a source of rising crime and deforestation in the area.
(b) Over 402,000 beneficiaries received around 1,130 tons of food through general distribution, supplementary feeding and therapeutic feeding in refugee camps in western Tanzania. Ongoing support to host community activities and refugee self reliance activities continued.
(c) A new contribution of USD 3 million was confirmed. PRRO 10062.1 faces serious shortfalls of CSB, vegetable oil and salt for the coming six months.
(a) The President of Uganda yesterday declared an 18-day ceasefire to allow the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) leadership to resume consultations with the chief peace mediator, on the ceasefire proposal submitted in mid-January. The ceasefire zone has been expanded.
(b) After the influx of Congolese refugees fleeing civil strife in eastern DRC into western Uganda in mid-January, UNHCR has to date transferred close to 2,800 refugees from Ishasha in Kanungu district and Nkondo in Hoima district to Kyaka II refugee settlement in Kyenjojo district. WFP continues to provide the new arrivals with high protein biscuits and will provide 170 tons of food per month to these new refugees. WFP has also developed a contingency plan for a most likely scenario of an influx of 10,000 Congolese refugees in case of further ethnic strife.
(c) Final results of a nutrition survey undertaken by WFP, together with the Ministry of Health and UNICEF in all 33 camps in Gulu district in September/October 2004 indicate a Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate from 0 to 11.8 percent and Severe Acute Malnutrition of 0 to 4.7 percent.
(d) WFP food distribution continues to reach some 1.4 million displaced persons, 160,000 refugees and other vulnerable persons. During the period 24 to 29 January 2005, WFP distributed some 4,700 tons food to over 393,000 persons including IDPs and other vulnerable persons.
(e) In February, WFP is preparing to commence a large scale drought relief operation targeting 500,000 drought-affected agro-pastoralists in the Karamoja region bordering Turkana in Kenya.
(f) With a funding gap of USD 52 million, WFP faces a shortfall of 91,600 tons of food which are required to maintain the food pipeline necessary to continue providing relief assistance to IDPs and refugees through August 2005. Unless new contributions are confirmed urgently WFP will run out of commodities in April 2005 and the nutritional status of 1.4 million internally displaced persons in northern Uganda, mostly women and children, will be jeopardized.
(a) The security situation remains relatively calm with no major incidents reported in the refugee camp areas. As at 31 January, UNHCR reported a total 213,314 refugees registered in camps.
(b) The second distribution cycle for January is currently being completed with the next cycle scheduled for mid-February. In the Oure Cassoni and Kounoungou camps some 279 tons of food were delivered to more than 37,000 beneficiaries. Deliveries are ongoing in other camps and figures will be released in the next Weekly Emergency Report. During the past week, WFP distributed some 36 tons of food to more than 8,200 beneficiaries in Farchana and Goz Amir camps under the Blanket Supplementary Feeding programme.
(c) Two convoys carrying some 1,520 tons of food through the Benghazi corridor have been regrouped into 67 trucks and are scheduled to arrive in Abéché by the end of February. WFP is still facing slow food deliveries through the Libyan corridor, which is causing serious disruptions to its planned monthly distributions to refugees in camps. As a result, a possible shortfall for cereals in February may be expected if cargo from Benghazi does not arrive in time. WFP has taken steps to speed up the dispatching of cargo and some improvement has been noted.
(d) The current upstream food pipeline is sufficient to meet needs until the end of June 2005 - the end of current EMOP 10327.0. However, the EMOP still has a shortfall of some 9,000 tons. These additional quantities are urgently needed before June to enable WFP to preposition food before the rainy season and ensure that food can be distributed from July until October 2005. To achieve this target, it is crucial that WFP receives food in ports by May at latest, if contributions are confirmed. According to the current funding situation, the EMOP still has a shortfall of USD 13.9 million.
(e) WFP has finalized the new phase of the EMOP for the period July 2005 - December 2006. Food requirements: some 92,000 tons for a total estimated cost of approx USD 82 million.
(a) The UN Security Council has tightened the arms embargo on Cote d'Ivoire and ordered the Government, the Forces Nouvelles and all unofficial militias to provide an inventory of their weapons by mid-March to aid eventual disarmament. The resolution also gives UN and French peacekeepers the powers to stop and search cargo at any sea port, airfield, military base and border crossing into the country.
(b) A mission of French troops to Guiglo was cancelled in the face of demonstrations by the Jeunes Patriotes in both Abidjan and Guiglo. French troops left Guiglo under ONUCI control in November after strong anti-French feeling in the area hampered their access.
(c) The Government continues to refuse to organize school exams in the north so that students can pass on to the following year. The students who should have taken exams are presently going to 'revision' classes organised for them in the afternoon until the exams can be held.
(d) From 26 January to 1 February, WFP distributed 331 tons of food to some 24,600 beneficiaries. The WFP/FAO joint food and crop assessment is currently underway and will continue until the 7 February. The issues of major concern to WFP are food security at the household level and access.
(e) Due to a coming pipeline break for maize meal, WFP has changed the ration in the Guiglo IDP camp from 100 percent MML to 50 percent MML and 50 percent bulgur. Cooking demonstrations of the bulgur were well appreciated in the camp and the camp population has accepted the ration change without problems. Refugees in the Nicla camp are being issued ration cards. Refugees had previously used their refugee identification card to receive their rations, but there were many problems with non-camp residents taking advantage of the distribution as well as general insecurity in the camp.
(f) The cereal pipeline situation is critical, with pipeline breaks for maize meal starting in March and rice starting in April. If no contributions are confirmed shortly, this shortfall will severely handicap WFP preparedness as well as projects to support poor farmers during the planting season and people at risk in the lean season.
(a) The general security situation continues to be calm but unpredictable. On 24 January, United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and Liberian Police intercepted two trucks loaded with assorted WFP food at the Ganta/Guinean border checkpoint. The food is now in the safe custody of UNMIL pending police investigations and collection by staff from the WFP sub-office in Phebe.
(b) In the past week WFP Liberia distributed some 1,460 tons of food commodities to more than 138,500 beneficiaries, mainly under general food distribution, emergency school feeding (ESF) and facilitated IDP and refugee programmes.
(c) As a result of verification and beneficiary update exercises conducted by WFP and partners, the number of IDPs in Buchanan camp dropped by about 20 percent. Card distribution to beneficiaries had to be delayed because of mounting violence by disqualified IDPs. The Security Assessment Committee for Resettlement has declared six more counties ready for citizens' return. In total, 12 out of Liberia's 15 counties are now ready for return of refugees and IDPs. As of 27 January, 38,511 IDPs and Liberian refugees have been repatriated and reintegrated. The target is to resettle over 140,000 persons by May 2005. WFP provided the first tranche of return food packages equivalent to two-full months of food ration per returnee.
(d) WFP participated in the Agricultural Coordination Committee (ACC) meeting convened by the Minister of Agriculture to coordinate major agricultural activities in Liberia. On this occasion, WFP introduced Food Support to Local Initiatives to assist 11,000 families or 55,000 beneficiaries in agricultural and infrastructure development, as well as skills training in 2005. Currently, 289,681 school children are benefiting from WFP ESF in eight counties.
(e) WFP, jointly with ACF, IMC, ICRC, and the Ministries of Health and Social Works and Planning and Economic Affairs, is carrying out a food security and nutrition assessment in the entire county of Lofa which is expected to receive nearly 200,000 refugees, IDPs, and ex-combatants throughout the resettlement process in Liberia.
(f) Continuous pipeline breaks are expected from May onwards unless new contributions are received. To avert food shortfalls and make loan repayments including the BPR advance, USD 16 Million is needed for WFP Liberia through June 2005. Food shortages will begin with Corn Soya Blend, Salt, Pulses and Vegetable Oil in May, and will gradually affect all commodities in June.
(a) The security situation in the country generally remains calm. Plans are underway to start the new Country Programme by mid 2005. The assistance will target some 302,000 beneficiaries each year, 60 percent of whom are women, with 34,518 tons of food. During January 2005, WFP Sierra Leone distributed a total of 108 tons of food to 27,988 beneficiaries.
(b) In Kailahun food delivery to WFP-assisted schools is ongoing. Some 84 tons of food has been delivered to 125 schools in ten Chiefdoms for more than 26,400 beneficiaries. MSF-B received 1.4 tons food for supplementary feeding in five refugee camps. An additional 22 tons of food was dispatched to the Peripheral Health Units (PHUs) in Bo District.
(c) From January 2005 the Bo-Pujehun Development Associates (BPDA) has replaced World Vision International (WVI) as the Cooperating Partner for WFP in the Gondama Refugee Camp.
(d) Breaks in the pulses, cereals and vegetable oil food pipelines are expected in the next few weeks. Some USD 2.4 million are urgently needed to cover 2,495 tons of food shortfalls and repay 625 tons of loans.
(a) WFP urgently needs contributions to the regional Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation PRRO 10310 "Assistance to Populations in Southern Africa Vulnerable to Food Insecurity and the Impact of AIDS". About USD 36.5 million has been received compared with the USD 216 million required to provide 358,000 tons of food for 4.9 million vulnerable families affected by HIV/AIDS in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe in 2005.
(a) The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, PRRO 10054.2 "Support to Return and Resettlement" still needs USD50 million or 88,000 tons of food for distribution to returnees through 2005.
(a) Heavy rainfall recorded in most parts of the country has damaged the road infrastructure and the crops that were due to be harvested in coming months. At the same time, high temperatures were experienced and this poses a problem for vegetable production, especially potatoes and tomatoes, as the increase in humidity could result in the occurrence and spread of fungal diseases (eg. blight) in these crops and result in greatly reduced yields.
(b) From 26 January to 1 February, WFP and its partners provided about 1,700 tons of food to 99,000 vulnerable people including households affected by HIV/AIDS. Rain damaged and inaccessible roads hindered the delivery of food aid to the north-western district of Berea from Maseru.
(a) Due to the Tropical Depression "Filapi", which hit the south western coast of Madagascar immediately after the passage of Cyclone "Ernest", an estimated 11,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The cities of Tulear and Fort Dauphin were affected and most of Tulear is reported to be submerged in water.
(b) WFP, other UN agencies and the Government are closely monitoring the situation and met to plan a quick response to the damage resulting from Filapi. The Government and the humanitarian community will set up special structures in Tulear to coordinate the emergency response and assessments. A rapid assessment mission comprising WFP/UNICEF/CNS is underway.
(c) WFP has currently available some 3,000 tons of food in Tulear, Ampanihy, and Tsiombe warehouses.
(a) Floods that occurred in southern Malawi during late December 2004 and early January affected some 480 households and destroyed about 110 hectares of crops (maize, beans, tobacco, ground nuts, banana and cassava) at various stages of maturity. An estimated 670 tons production loss was recorded. The Department of Agriculture appealed for assistance to supply cassava cuttings and sweet potato vines to the affected area. WFP is already providing assistance to 390 households out of 410 in Chimombo under the Joint Emergency Food Aid Programme. More families are expected to register for food aid after the floods. WFP and its partners are assessing household food security needs in the affected region.
(b) The flood damage has compounded household food insecurity, especially as the same region suffered an outbreak of armyworms in early January. In Rumphi, Chitipa and Karonga districts about 3,000 hectares of maize and rice fields were destroyed.
(a) The level of the Zambezi River in central Mozambique has continued to rise, causing flooding currently affecting five districts on the river's banks - Caia and Marromeu in Sofala province, Mopeia and Chinde in Zambezia, and Mutarara in Tete, according to the National Water Board (DNA). Mozambique's National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) warned that if waters continue to rise in the two districts of Dondo and Nhamatanda, along the Pungue River in Mozambique's central province of Sofala, at least 11,000 people living in the flood plains of the province could require assistance. Moreover, additional rains are expected, which will result in the potential for flooding across most of central Mozambique and southern Malawi.
(b) Seeking an update on the potential for flooding and level of preparedness, the national technical committee on disaster management convened a meeting 28 January, inviting WFP as the only participant outside government circles. There is cause for concern as the Zambezi River is rising in some areas and there are predictions of heavy rains to come. There is a need to monitor the situation not only in Mozambique, but also in the neighbouring countries where the Zambezi River and its tributaries originate.
(a) According to the Government of Namibia Early Warning Unit the prospects of a good 2005 crop are generally unfavourable due to the dry weather conditions which have prevailed since planting time. Delayed and generally insufficient rains have characterized the first half of the 2004/05 rainfall season in most parts of the eastern Caprivi region. Anticipated floods from the Zambezi river could result in added crop losses. The Emergency Management Unit has issued a warning to residents living along the Zambezi in north-eastern Caprivi to move to higher ground. In 2004, some 5,000 people were displaced and a further 15,000 affected by flooding in Namibia.
(b) WFP EMOP 10334.0 "Targeted Food Assistance to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by Food Insecurity and HIV/AIDS" provides about 30,000 orphans and vulnerable children with food rations instead of the planned 110,000, due to lack of resources.
(c) WFP also provided food rations to about 8,000 refugees under EMOP 10145.1 "Assistance to Angolan Refugees in Namibia". WFP plans to provide food rations to a monthly average 5,000 refugees during repatriation from May through to December 2005. The programme will be handed over to UN High Commission for Refugees at the end of 2005 when refugee numbers are expected to have fallen to less than 5,000.
(a) According a preliminary report by the National Disaster Task Force (NDTF), some 3,500 hectares of crops, mainly maize at tasselling stage was destroyed by a hailstorm on 23 January. About 15,500 people were affected in central Middleveld, southern Shiselweni regions and Lubombo Plateau in the east. It is estimated that 14,000 of the affected people in Manzini and Shiselweni urgently need food aid. Four people have died. More than 10 schools were damaged and have been unable to re-open for the new school year. The NDTF is undertaking a more comprehensive assessment to determine the full extent of the damage.
(b) The dry conditions prevailing in the Lowveld are seriously affecting maize growth and condition. The Lowveld is the driest part of the country. Good rains received last week were too late to revive the crop in the Lowveld that was already at the grain filling stage. The crop that was at vegetative stage may recover but not fully.
(a) Reports coming from the Disaster Management & Mitigation Unit (DMMU) and WFP indicate that excessive rainfall in Eastern and Luapula Provinces has caused flooding resulting in damage to crops and infrastructure. The DMMU is planning to undertake a rapid flood assessment and has asked UN agencies, including WFP, to participate. Participants are awaiting a full report from Eastern Province before commencing the assessment.
(b) Conversely, most parts of Western and Southern Provinces have this season been characterised by erratic rainfall since the start of the season. It is reported that some farmers in Sesheke District could not plant because of the late start of the rains. The damage being done to crops now is permanent and may result in reduced crops yields in the affected areas.
(c) Support to food-insecure antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients continues; food is proving to be critical in improving adherence to medical regimes. There are currently 3,800 beneficiaries receiving ART who also receive food assistance. Resources are urgently needed to continue to support AIDS-affected households until the government's Global Fund application is approved and WFP can phase out.
(d) Food distribution to 84,900 refugees in camps is scheduled to start on 1 February. This will be the second month refugees have received full rations. However the food pipeline is still extremely weak and food rations may also be cut starting in March 2005 if new contributions are not forthcoming. In addition, a recent rapid assessment has confirmed the food needs districts of Eastern and Western provinces. About 5,000 tons of cereal will be required to assist more than 175,000 people in the ten districts visited.
Regional: Indian Ocean Tsunami
(a) Humanitarian operations in the region affected by the December 26, 2004, earthquake and subsequent tsunami, have entered the recovery and reconstruction phase.
(b) Estimated total WFP beneficiaries, as at 4 February, stand at 1.345 million people, who have received in excess of 21,000 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. WFP is appealing to governments for USD 256 million to feed one-and-a-half million people.
(c) WFP released an overview of preliminary findings from the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) made across the tsunami-affected areas. The full report is forthcoming.
(d) The UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has offered the position of his Special Envoy for Tsunami-affected Countries to former U.S. President Bill Clinton, who has accepted.
(a) First food distributions commenced on 28 January 2005 in Thirunalveli district, where 500 children were given biscuits. So far biscuits have been distributed to about 42,000 beneficiaries. TNT has been a key partner for WFP in moving biscuits to Chennai. More than 245 of the 300 tons of biscuits in Chennai have now been dispatched to the districts for onward transportation and distribution to the beneficiaries.
(a) The latest figures from the National Coordination Agency for Disaster Management (BAKORNAS) on 31 January 2005 on the human death toll for the disaster indicate that some 108,110 bodies have been buried in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD) Province and 130 bodies in North Sumatra Province. The number of people reported missing is 127,749 in NAD and 24 in North Sumatra. Meanwhile the number or displaced people in NAD is 426,849. BAKORNAS plans to reassess the figure for the displaced persons by mid-February 2005.
(b) The government of Indonesia (GoI) declared on 4 February that the first phase of the emergency relief operation in Aceh province has ended and that recovery and reconstruction in tsunami-affected areas will begin. However, it stressed that food and medical supplies are still needed for the more than tens of thousands of survivors living in isolated communities. The GoI said that that a number of relocation barracks would be built throughout affected areas in the province for displaced persons. The government is also planning to register all displaced persons and catalogue their skills in order to help them find temporary jobs during the reconstruction period.
(c) The preliminary findings of WFP's Emergency Food Security Assessment indicate that an estimated 700,000 are homeless, either living in camp-like locations or with host families, and a further 90,000 are not homeless but face major disruption to their livelihoods and access to income and markets. The extensive loss of livelihoods of these people will significantly reduce their ability to meet immediate food and non-food consumption needs.
(d) The nutritional status of many households is also of concern, with a high wasting level of 12.7% in selected camps, and a reported deterioration of household diet. Approximately 20% consume fewer than 3 meals a day, 65% consume no legumes; and over 40% have no added fats/oils. This calls for attention to food quality as well as quantity (e.g. by micronutrient fortified foods in the ration).
(e) WFP is in talks with the GoI about an emergency school feeding (EFS) programme in the tsunami-affected areas of Aceh province. The Indonesian Ministry of Health has requested WFP to take the lead in supplementary feeding programmes not only for schoolchildren but also pregnant women and nursing women and children aged 1 to 5 years old.
(f) WFP is discussing appropriate guidelines with its partners following requests to provide food for hospitals and other institutions.
(g) WFP has provided some 8200 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. The number of beneficiaries reached by WFP in January was 339,000. This is expected to increase to 530,000 persons in February.
(a) This month WFP is again able to provide all 6.5 million targeted beneficiaries with cereal rations. Substantive new pledges will allow WFP to uphold this support through May 2005, with the exception of oil and pulses that have run out this month for some beneficiaries on the west coast due to delayed arrivals. Because of three consecutive cancellations of monitoring visits, operations have been suspended in Chagang Province, Sinchon county (South Hwanghae Province) and in one district in Pyongyang. This affects 8 counties and one district where WFP previously had access, reducing current access to 152 out of a total 203 counties/districts.
(b) With the exception of the Huichon Cereal Milk Blend factory in the inaccessible Chagang province, all 19 Local Food Production factories operated during the week. Production for the fourth week of January was 1,480 tonnes or 83 percent of the weekly requirement under EMOP 10141.03. To sustain the production of biscuits and blended foods, new donations of milk powder and soy beans are urgently needed. The current stock of Dried Skimmed Milk will be finished in May and soy beans in April 2005.
(a) This week, the island of Kandholhudhoo, which was badly hit by the tsunamis, has been completely evacuated. Only three people of a total population of 4,000, remain on the island, all civil servants who will deal with security matters.
(b) A draft Letter of Understanding between WFP and the Government of Maldives (GOM) has been sent to ODB/WFP Regional Office for review and comment. A new focal point has been identified in the Ministry of Education to follow-up on joint WFP/Government of Maldives monitoring of the school feeding programme.
(c) Further increases in beneficiary numbers, up to an estimated 42,000, are expected in the next distribution cycle within the targeted feeding programme. The increase takes into account both the findings from WFP's Rapid Vulnerability Assessment and Government's affected target populations previously identified.
(d) A joint WFP/GOM School feeding monitoring trip to Vaavu and Meemu Atolls is planned for 6-7 February. The WFP monitoring plan is under development for the second phase of targeted food distribution in the Maldives.
(e) On the island of Kulhudffushi, WFP is assisting 3,031 students in four schools as part of a new school feeding programme. The students will receive a packet of fortified biscuits every day they are in class. This is part of a larger school feeding programme that WFP launched on 25 January to reach 24,000 students in 79 schools over the next seven weeks.
(f) WFP has provided some 40 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. The number of beneficiaries reached by WFP in January was 56,000. This is expected to fall to 36,000 persons in February.
(a) A UN joint assessment mission to the hardest hit area of the Irrawaddy Delta, Labutta township, has found that 900 families, approximately 3,600 people, are in need of food aid in the township. As well as food aid, WFP's implementing partner in the area, ADRA, recommends the repair of village ponds, dykes and roads in the Irrawaddy delta area.
(b) WFP attended a briefing session organized by UNDP on the finalized assessment report by UN joint mission "Laputta Inter-Agency Assessment of Tsunami impact (January 18-20)". Details will follow.
(c) WFP has provided some 78 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. The number of beneficiaries reached by WFP in January was 6,000. This is expected to rise to 15,000 in February.
(a) With the emergency relief operations shifting to the reconstruction phase, the President has also combined previous Task Forces with the CNO (Centre for National Operations) to form a single Task Force which will monitor relief aid and interim housing facilities, and co-ordinate assistance from humanitarian agencies.
(b) There are signs that unrest is growing amongst displaced people in the welfare camps over the different allocations of aid that have been made to the different categories of beneficiaries. This is not currently affecting WFP operations in the field but should be monitored.
(c) Following reports of bottlenecks in the distribution of relief assistance in Sri Lanka, President Chandrika Kumaratunga has ordered that government administrators ensure that at least 70 per cent of people affected by the tsunami receive their entitlements by February 7.
(d) WFP's programme coordinator travelled to Ampara and Batticaloa districts to investigate the bottlenecks and is holding meetings with local authorities to clarify the methods used for food distribution as well as to discuss the government coupon system and a WFP ration card that is to be introduced in all affected districts. These issues will also be raised at a high-level meeting in Colombo between WFP and the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL).
(e) The preliminary findings of WFP's Emergency Food Security Assessment indicate that the poor have been disproportionately affected through loss of lives and livelihoods. Most of the affected people (ca. 75%) are estimated to be near or below the official poverty line, and consume less than 1,800 kcal/day, on average. Surveys indicate that diets have deteriorated and the intake of essential nutrients is low. Malnutrition is also a concern (e.g. national pre-crisis wasting levels were already 14%, suggesting higher levels in the affected areas which would call for blanket supplementary feeding).
(f) WFP is increasing its staff and capacity in Sri Lanka to deal with any gaps in food distribution and to ensure that all who need food receive it. Distributions are ongoing throughout the country.
(g) A second food distribution in Kilinochchi district is progressing smoothly and will be completed in a few days. The government has completed beneficiary registration and provided ration cards to the 21,000 people in welfare camps in the district who will be receiving WFP food assistance. The second 15-day distribution has also begun in all but two divisions of Trincomalee district, where WFP is providing food for about 100,000 people.
(h) WFP has provided some 11,675 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. The number of beneficiaries reached by WFP in January was 852,500. This number is expected to remain steady in February.
(a) Large dispatches of rice and canned fish reached southern Thailand during the week, to supplement school lunch programs and feed families from vulnerable populations in the six Thai provinces hit by the tsunami. Almost 30 tons of local canned fish and 180 tons of rice have been delivered in Krabi and Phang-nga, the two hardest hit provinces. Another 30 tons of rice and 16 tons of fish were delivered to Ranong province. Additionally, 90 tons of rice have reached Satun and Trang provinces.
(b) WFP has provided some 425 tons of food since the advent of the disaster. The number of beneficiaries expected to be fed by WFP in February is 18,000.
Latin America and Caribbean
Guyana flood emergency
(a) Coordination activities continue with the government, UN agencies and the Guyanese people to deal with the results of the floods. Efforts continue in order to provide much needed assistance to people in shelters and families with flooded houses.
(b) Water levels in affected villages have fallen by 2-3 centimetres per day. However, if current rainfalls continue with the same intensity, the situation may worsen again. Some families are returning to their homes but approximately 4,000 people still remain in shelters.
(c) A Rapid Emergency Food Need Assessment started on 31 January. A WFP team accompanied by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) assessed the situation in 11 shelters along the East Coast. Preliminary assessments show that while sheltered people continue to receive hot-meals from the government, children in the shelters do not have enough suitable foodstuffs. WFP awaits the Ministry of Education's distribution order to deliver high protein biscuits (HEB). Another assessment mission will be soon fielded to include IDP's that have relocated to higher ground communities.
(d) WFP also visited seven communities on the East Coast that continue to be under water and to live in poor and unsuitable conditions. Food and other types of aid have not reached some families located farther from the main road.
(e) The Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the Armed Forces informed WFP that some boats are available for food transportation to beneficiaries in hard-to-reach areas.
(f) During last week, WFP with the assistance of the Government of Ecuador sent two Hercules C-130 aircraft carrying a total of 27.5 MT of emergency food rations to assist flood victims. Currently an 11-staff-member team from the Regional Office and WFP Ecuador is in the field organizing the emergency response to assist flood victims.
(g) WFP plans to provide food for one month to 10,000 of the worst-affected people especially focusing on women and children. A total of 112 tons of food will be distributed over the next month. Distributions are due to start this week in conjunction with the International Federation of the Red Cross - IFRC.
(a) Rains continue to be poor in the El Chaco Region. Many farmers had to sow again as their crops have died. The Santa Cruz autonomy movement and civic strike was suspended after a massive meeting that paved the way for regional autonomy. President Mesa, faced with Santa Cruz' unilateral proclamation of self rule, announced elections of departmental governors (prefectos) for 12th June. The social conflicts have triggered a third cabinet reshuffle by President Mesa. The new cabinet will be announced later in the day.
(b) Maize and oil were distributed to some 4,410 families in El Chaco of Santa Cruz. Kidney beans are being purchased instead of lentils.
(a) According to local sources, at least 380 indigenous families from the rural areas of Guachaca were forced to leave their homes due to clashes among illegal armed groups. Most of these families temporarily settled in the municipality of Don Diego and Santa Marta, capital city of Magdalena province.
(b) A high number of families affected by the last rainy season in nearby areas of Cartagena (province of Bolivar) are still in temporary shelters and schools awaiting a formal response from the government to be relocated.
(c) Under PRRO 10158, Assistance to People Displaced by Violence, from 23 to 29 January a total of 267 tons of food was delivered to about 23,770 people across 7 provinces. These commodities were distributed in Food for Work / Food for Training Activities, Food for Crisis, Community Kitchens and Preschool feeding initiatives.
(a) The eastern part of the country is suffering its most severe drought since 1961.
(b) Tens of thousands of cattle were lost in 2004 and more than 700,000 people are being supplied with water through tank trucks. Shortages of water for irrigation led to a significant reduction in rice production during 2004 compared with 2003.
(a) The UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Mr. Jean Ziegler, began a two-week mission in Guatemala to assess the extent of the food security in the country and present his recommendations. Mr. Ziegler met with senior government officials and representatives of United Nations agencies, international development cooperation agencies, human rights groups, NGOs and other civil society organizations. The Special Rapporteur will also visit food insecure areas in the East.
(b) A total of 133 tons of maize, beans, vegetable oil, and CSB were dispatched last week to community distribution and therapeutic feeding centres managed by the Ministry of Health to contribute to the nutritional recovery of children and pregnant and lactating women. The food aid will benefit some 1,580 families (7,900 beneficiaries) over a two-month period in the provinces of Huehuetenango, Quetzaltenango, and Totonicapán.
(c) PRRO 10212.0 will face shortfalls of maize and vegetable oil by May and June 2005. The projected shortfalls will prevent children under five years of age who are suffering from acute malnutrition from improving their nutritional status.
(a) The entire country continues in UN security phase III. The security environment remains uncertain and volatile. Common crime and/or political violence continue to be reported in several areas of Port au Prince. Relatively less violence was reported in other areas of the country.
(b) United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) undertook a major clean-up operation in the slum area of Bel-Air on January 27. Four hundred MINUSTAH troops participated in the operation, during which medical kits and medicines were distributed and medical care provided. Acts of violence were reported in Cap Haitien. Barricades and stone-throwing riots around the WFP warehouse in Cap Haitien have made it impossible for staff to enter the warehouse.
(c) A total of 222 tons of food was distributed by WFP's implementing partner CARE to 4,201 beneficiaries in localities in the commune of Gonaïves that had been heavily affected by hurricane Jeanne. Distributions were held at a rate of 1-2 distribution sites per day. The total of food distributed in Gonaïves and its outskirts since the onset of the crisis is 4,485 tons, while some 211 tons were distributed in other affected areas (Port de Paix, Chansolme, etc.). WFP has also pre-positioned a total of 330 tons of food for the continuing distributions to flood victims.
(d) The total food stocks in the country are estimated at 8,280 tons of which 4,160 tons are in WFP warehouses and available for distribution while over 4,130 tons remain at the port.
(a) The early ending of this year's coffee harvest continues to increase unemployment and worsen the situation of the coffee workers. The government and private banks are working on a programme to help coffee producers cope with this situation.
(b) Earth tremors continue to be felt throughout the Pacific Coast. While no casualties have been reported, WFP is monitoring the situation.
(c) Food commodities have been pre-positioned to enable distributions to vulnerable women and children, school boys and girls to begin in February. Food for Work activities will resume in March 2005. PRRO 10212.0 will face shortfalls through June 2005, of rice (470 tons), beans (238 tons) and vegetable oil (112 tons). If no further supply of commodities is announced in the coming months or those that are announced arrive late, the PRRO will face serious pipeline breaks during the second quarter of 2005.
Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons
WFP Weekly Emergency Report
From David Kaatrud, Chief of the Analysis, Assessment and Preparedness Service of the United Nations World Food Programme (ODA); also available online at www.wfp.org or go directly to the WFP Newsroom.
Also available by e-mail from Carlo Scaramella, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Branch (ODAP).
For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie Sequeira:
tel: +39 06 6513 2009
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome - Italy
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