Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in Burundi

Report
from UN Peacebuilding Commission
Published on 22 Jul 2007
Contents

I. Background

II. Principles of cooperation

III. Context

IV. Objectives, analysis of major challenges and identification of risks

A. Objectives

B. Analysis of major challenges and identification of risks

1. Promotion of good governance

2. Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of Burundi and PALIPEHUTU-FNL

3. Security sector

4. Justice, promotion of human rights and action to combat impunity

5. The land issue and socio-economic recovery

6. Mobilization and coordination of international assistance

7. Subregional dimension

8. Gender dimension

V. Mutual commitments

A. The Government of Burundi

B. The Peacebuilding Commission

C. Stakeholders

1. Civil society, religious communities and the Bashingantahe institution

2. Women's organizations

3. The private sector

4. Political parties represented in the Parliament and/or in local councils

D. International partners

1. The United Nations system

2. Bilateral and multilateral partners

3. The subregion

VI. Review of progress and monitoring

I. Background

1. The Peacebuilding Commission invited the Government of Burundi and its partners to develop an integrated peacebuilding strategy for Burundi, in accordance with its mandate, particularly as defined in paragraph 2 (a) and (b) of Security Council resolution 1645 (2005) and General Assembly resolution 60/180, "to bring together all relevant actors to marshal resources and to advise on and propose integrated strategies for post-conflict peacebuilding and recovery, to focus attention on the reconstruction and institution-building efforts necessary for recovery from conflict and to support the development of integrated strategies in order to lay the foundation for sustainable development".

2. The Government of Burundi launched the process of developing the present Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in Burundi in February 2007. Consultations were launched to solicit inputs both from the Commission and key stakeholders on the ground (civil society organizations, the private sector, religious communities, political parties, United Nations agencies and bilateral and multilateral partners), which resulted in a consensus that the Strategic Framework will guide the engagement and dialogue between the Government of Burundi, other stakeholders and the Commission in the pursuit of sustainable peace in Burundi.

3. The Burundi configuration of the Commission contributed to the development of the present Strategic Framework through a series of informal thematic meetings and a visit of a Commission delegation to Burundi in April 2007. The Burundi configuration also provided comments on a preliminary draft of the present Strategic Framework at an informal meeting held in New York with the participation of the Government of Burundi.

II. Principles of cooperation

4. Guided by the vision of a reconciled, peaceful and prosperous Burundi, the Government of Burundi and its partners, with input from the Peacebuilding Commission, have developed the present Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in Burundi on the basis of the following principles of cooperation:

(a) The importance of national ownership and of the primary responsibility of the Government and people of Burundi for the consolidation of peace and the prosperous and democratic development of Burundi;

(b) Both national ownership and partnership are essential for the success of peacebuilding efforts in post-conflict situations. The Government, the Commission and the partners will have to strike the right balance between these two imperatives;

(c) Within the framework of the mandate conferred on it by the Security Council and the General Assembly, the Commission acts in support of the various organizations of the international community in Burundi at the bilateral and multilateral levels;

(d) The Commission will endeavour to ensure that reporting requirements or calls for other additional documents are kept to the minimum in order to allow the Government to focus its limited capacity on the implementation of the Strategic Framework; (e) The various stakeholders in Burundi, including civil society, women's organizations, the private sector, political parties, religious communities and regional institutions, play a key role in peacebuilding.