Eastern Africa Zone: Appeal No. MAA64001 - Annual Report 2008

This report covers the period 01/01/2008 to 31/12/2008

In brief

Programme purpose:

The Eastern Africa Zone continues to prioritise enhancing the capacities of the 14 National Societies(NS) as one of the core focal areas in order for them to respond to the humanitarian challenges thatplague the region. The Disaster Management (DM) programme aims to build well prepared, strongerand more efficient NS able to predict, prevent and reduce risks and respond to the high level ofhumanitarian demands in the region posed by small, medium and large scale disasters, mitigate theirimpact as well as cope with their consequences in an appropriate manner.

The Health and Care (HC) programme focused on building and strengthening the capacities of the NS in the Zone to address public health needs in their respective countries in a sustainable manner,according to the ARCHI 2010 and Algiers Plan of Action priorities. The most urgent health needs in theregion include HIV and AIDS and tuberculosis prevention, control and management and child health.HIV and AIDS is a global catastrophe, threatening social and economic stability in the most affectedareas, while spreading relentlessly into new regions. Over the past year, 3 million people died of AIDS,more than ever before and more than from any other infectious disease.

The Organizational Development (OD) programme focus on NS development through improved performance and accountability. Capacity building support and tools are targeted at National Society leadership, staff and volunteers. The overall aim is to support and facilitate the development of structures, processes and systems for increasingly better response to situations of vulnerability. It also seeks to pool resources with all movement partners, including NS operating internationally and the ICRC, to maximize effectiveness of OD and capacity building (CB).

The Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting (PMER) Unit has continued to support the Zone and NS to systematise planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting as core programming functions and to facilitate continuous learning and accountability.

The Zone communication unit continued on the path laid in recent years, focusing on strengthening the capacities of all NS communications' departments through various means and profiling the Federation's Humanitarian Principles and Values and its member societies in the region. The unit provided support to all major emergency operations such as the Horn of Africa food security appeal - including media coverage - as well as to long-term capacity building and development programmes. It assistedNational Societies in the production of materials and documentation used in national fundraising campaigns.

Programmes summary:

The DM programme focused on building capacity to carry out community based DRR and climate adaptation work as well as supporting NS to respond effectively to disasters. Particular attention was paid to food security programming with the launch of the long term food security initiative for Africa in April. Strengthening disaster response capacity within the region is a priority hence a new approach for the Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) was developed starting with training of a new pool of RDRT trainers. During the reporting period, 18 DREFs and six emergency appeals were issued for various emergencies including disease outbreaks, floods and food insecurity.

The Health and Care programme continued to support strengthening of capacities of NS staff and volunteers in health and care programming. Focus was on technical support in HIV and AIDS programming, strengthening community health and emergency programming in National Societies and promotion of water, sanitation and hygiene.

During the reporting period, organizational development/capacity building technical support focused on governance and branch development, information technology and telecommunications (IT&T) as well as finance development. This was aimed at improving NS performance and accountability in the overall delivery of services to the most vulnerable communities. Review of statutes, leadership trainings, branch capacity assessments, IT and HF/VHF radio assessment and installations were carried out at several National Societies, and financial systems were developed in four National Societies. Support was also rendered to the work of the Red Cross/Red Crescent network, and that of youth and volunteer groups. In addition the Zone office facilitated the access and utilisation, by National Societies, of various grants/mechanisms for capacity building including the Intensified Capacity Building (ICB), the Specific OD Support (SOS) and the Empress Shoken Fund (ESF). A number of local capacity and community development tools were also developed in collaboration with various partners.

The Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting (PMER) unit focused on improving understanding of key programming elements in the core Federation programmes by National Societies and Federation staff, strengthening NS PMER systems, capacity building in PMER including training workshops and planning support visits, development of PMER tools including introduction of Zone quarterly monitoring tool, as well as sharing and utilising PMER guidelines. In collaboration with other Zone programmes and the finance unit emphasis was placed on clearing the backlog of reports and coordinating programme review meetings to track progress in relation to the 2008 Zone plan.

The Communications unit focused its activities on strengthening the capacities of NS communications departments for the successful implementation of their programmes. The Eastern Africa Zone Communications Forum, a working group of the RC-Net, was used as a vector to additionally strengthening relations with both the media and the ICRC. Eight of the 14 NS communicators had a chance to improve their skills by attending the Global Communications Forum in Washington as well as being part of the communications team that served the Pan African Conference in Johannesburg. Communications support was provided to operations in various NS through web stories, press releases, bulletins, media relations and plugging stories to local and international media. The unit cooperated closely with country representations and Zone office units, and provided technical support various events such as RDRT trainings. The Communication Manager conducted representation functions and liaised with a number of humanitarian officers in diplomatic missions based in Nairobi and the region.

Financial situation: The total 2008 budget is CHF 3,409,271 (USD 2,974,929 or EUR 2,259,324), of which 65 per cent covered. Expenditure overall was 83 per cent of the funds received.

See Programme Update: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/annual08/MAA6400108pu1.pdf

No. of people we help: Much of the Zone technical departments' work is institutional strengthening and identifying primary beneficiaries is a challenge. The EA Zone supports a total of 14 National Societies in the region - Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Mauritius, Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar.

Our partners: The Zone office technical departments have been working in partnerships with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the American, Finnish, French, German, Netherlands, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, British, Japanese and Swiss Red Cross Societies. Other existing partnerships include the European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO), the British government's Department for International Development (DfID), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), UN agencies such as Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). The Zone also works with other organizations including the East Africa Roll Back Malaria Network (EARN), the Regional Health Emergency Group (RHEG), the Water and Environmental Sanitation Coordination (WESCORD), inter-agency working group (IAWG) on HIV and Sexually Gender-based Violence (SGBV) in emergencies as well as National Society partnerships with people living with HIV and/or AIDS (PLHIV) associations. The DM department also co-chairs the IAWG on Humanitarian Aid and works closely with the Regional Food and Nutrition Working Group (RFSNWG) and UN ISDR.