Eastern Africa: Humanitarian Bulletin | July - August 2015

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 21 Aug 2015

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Likely El Niño event could cause mix of drought and flooding

  • Conflict and political tension driving food and nutrition insecurity

  • UN, AU warn of risks in Burundi

  • Number of people fleeing Yemen to the Horn of Africa continues to rise

  • AU holds WHS consultation in region

  • Scale-up of Somali refugee repatriation from Kenya foreseen

  • Despite renewed peace efforts, humanitarian situation in South Sudan continues to worsen

  • Tana River clashes reignite in Kenya

  • Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP) calls for new members

  • Regional funding update

El Niño becoming a major concern for region

FEWS NET confirms the current El Niño climatic event is now well-established and continues to strengthen over the Horn of Africa. Peak values may exceed those reached during the 2002 and 2009 El Niño events, and there is an over-90-per-cent chance that El Niño will continue through October-December into early 2016. The influence of El Niño over the next 3-6 months is twofold:

  • Below-normal rains that will develop in to drought for the northern sector, mostly in Ethiopia, Sudan and Eritrea, which have already experienced poor cropping and drier-than-normal vegetation conditions.

  • Increased likelihood for above-normal rains for the equatorial sector between October-December 2015 in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. Severe and prolonged flooding may lead to outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever and other tropical water-borne diseases.

The regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (FSNWG) urges preparedness measures and early action to mitigate the impacts of both the drier-than-normal conditions and flooding in the affected areas. Urgent vaccination of livestock, water and sanitation interventions within flood-prone areas of the region is highly recommended.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
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