BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
Note: The last situation report was dated May 28, 2009.
Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in East and Central Africa (ECA). The ECA region encompasses the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region, including Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Republic of Congo (RoC), Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda, as well as Sudan and Chad.
In response to emergency needs in the region, USAID/OFDA has provided more than $288 million in assistance for nutrition, protection, economic recovery and market systems, humanitarian coordination and information management, logistics and relief commodities, risk reduction, shelter and settlements, health, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions in FY 2009 and to date in FY 2010. The majority of FY 2009-funded programs remain ongoing in early FY 2010. In addition, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) has provided more than $1.8 billion in food aid in FY 2009 and to date in FY 2010. The U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM) also provided nearly $237 million in FY 2009 for refugee and internally displaced person (IDP) assistance in affected countries.1 In addition to D.C.-based staff and a regional office in Nairobi, Kenya, USAID/OFDA maintains permanent program staff in Ethiopia, Sudan, and the DRC to monitor humanitarian conditions, oversee and manage existing programs, and facilitate coordination and information sharing with implementing partners, local governments, and U.N. agencies.