Displaced Populations Report Jul-Dec 2007
As of the end of December 2007, there were an estimated 9.7 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Central and East Africa (CEA) region(1). This represents an increase of over 700,000 persons since June 2007(2).
An upsurge in fighting in Somalia saw the displacement of over 225,000 between June and December 2007.
Heightened rebel attacks in Chad and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) saw an overall displacement of over 204,000 persons during the last half of 2007.
On-going conflict in Southern Sudan contributed to an increase of over 300,000 IDPs since June 2007, bringing the total figures for Sudan to 4.7 million as of September 2007(3).
Post-election violence in Kenya following disputes over the Presidential results announced in late December, led to the displacement of over 100,000 persons between the 29 and 31 December 2007.
The Ethiopian government's crackdown on insurgents, including suspected members and supporters of the Oromo National Liberation Front (ONLF), in the Ogaden Region resulted in a number of deaths of both civilians and combatants, with undetermined civilian displacements(4). An estimated 400,000 were said to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance(5).
Meanwhile, as of the end of December 2007 there were an estimated 2.0 million refugees in the CEA6 region. This represents a decrease of more than 100,000 persons since June 2007.
(1) In August 2007, OCHA RO-CEA's coverage was officially extended to include Cameroon, Gabon, Sao Tome Principe and Equatorial Guinea. Of the countries in the CEA region, Djibouti, Tanzania, Rwanda, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and Sao Tome Principle have officially no conflict-induced IDPs. Temporal internal displacements due to natural hazards are however registered occasionally.
(2) OCHA RO-CEA, Displacement Report, Issue 1, January - June 2007 (8,891,438 IDPs in CEA region at mid-2007)
(3) UNHCR Khartoum, third Quarter 2007 statistics.
(4) In the absence of field level assessments or reliable estimates by agencies operating in the region, it is difficult to suggest or project an accurate number of affected people in the region.
(5) Medicens Sans Frontiers (MSF) as quoted by Reuters and Agence France Presse (AFP), 'Crisis looming in Ethiopia's Ogaden region: medical relief agency', 4 September 2007.