1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The peace process and subsequent stability in the country provides great hope for continued progress towards peace consolidation and economic recovery. The parties to the 7 September ceasefire agreement, the Government of Burundi and the last remaining rebel faction, the National Liberation Forces (Palipehutu (1) - FNL (2)) met several times with a view to entering the implementation phase. So far, these developments have had a favourable effect on the security situation and enabled humanitarian access to populations in the provinces of Bujumbura Rural, Bubanza and Cibitoke.
Although humanitarian needs persist, the country continues on its path towards sustainable development. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) endorsed by the World Bank was presented to donors during the 24 -25 May donors conference held in Burundi.
A key humanitarian achievement from the first half of 2007 was the response to food insecurity caused by unexpected torrential rains in December and January, which severely affected vulnerable households nationwide. The Government of Burundi (GoB), United Nations agencies and NGOs were mobilised to provide assistance consisting of food aid, seeds and farming tools. The GoB also set up a special fund, under the Ministry of Solidarity, to which Government employees made a compulsory contribution from their salary, and launched an appeal. However, chronic vulnerability remains a real challenge that requires continuous humanitarian action and, more importantly, structural changes.
Public demand for health and education services rose dramatically, after the 2006 announcement by the Government that it would provide free primary education and health care for maternal deliveries and children under five. However, government resources to deliver such services remained limited. School infrastructures and facilities are insufficient to meet the needs of pupils. Prolonged Government reimbursement procedures impede the provision of free medical care in hospitals and health centres.
During the CAP 2007 Mid-Year Review (MYR) workshop, humanitarian partners decided to maintain the present CHAP, which focuses on life saving activities as needs remain largely unchanged. The three strategic priorities jointly agreed upon with the GoB when preparing the CHAP/CAP 2007, are:
- Surveillance of the humanitarian situation and early warning, with particular attention to the needs of displaced persons and returnees;
- Rapid response to localised humanitarian emergencies;
- Reduction of vulnerability resulting from lack of access to basic services.
The increase in the 2007 CAP's requirements (from US$132 million (3) to 139 million) mostly reflects the retroactive counting of funded projects not originally counted in the CAP. A total of $86 million (62% of revised requirements) has been committed to date, leaving unmet requirements at $53 million.
(1) Parti de Libération du Peuple Hutu.
(2) Forces Nationales pour la Libération.
(3) All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.
TABLE OF CONTENTS1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I: Summary of Requirements – By Sector
Table II: Summary of Requirements – By Appealing Organisation
2. CHANGES IN THE CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN NEEDS
2.1 PEACE CONSOLIDATION PROCESS
2.2 HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENTS
3. REVIEW OF THE COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN (CHAP)
3.3 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
3.4 SECTORAL RESPONSE PLANS
3.4.4 Food Aid
3.4.5 Health / Nutrition
3.4.6 Mine Action
3.4.7 Refugees / Returnee Assistance (Multi-sector)
3.4.8 Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs)
3.4.10 Water and Sanitation
4. FUNDING AND PROJECTS
LIST OF APPEAL PROJECTS AND IMPLEMENTATION STATUS
NEW AND REVISED PROJECTS
ANNEX I. ADDITIONAL FUNDING TABLES
ANNEX II. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
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