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Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Appeal 2006 for Great Lakes

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
As the end of 2005 approaches, the overall outlook for the region is perhaps more positive than at other times in recent years. Central to this growing optimism are the evolving peace processes in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which have renewed hopes for the successful restoration of security and the establishment of democracy. Whilst gains in Burundi may have been more substantial than those of its neighbour, the continuation of the process in DRC, despite delays and set backs, has been welcomed. These positive expectations are increasingly shaping the humanitarian context in the region and are leading to shifting and new humanitarian priorities including those linked to refugee returns. A sudden acceleration in returns to Burundi in August, as well as recent increases in returns to DRC, may indicate a new trend in population movement that will require additional humanitarian support. For those who have been away from their countries of origin for many years, issues surrounding property rights and land tenure are likely to become increasingly important. The challenges of transition are great, and regional humanitarian actors must respond to these in conjunction with country level initiatives in order to effectively support emerging recovery.

At the same time the picture at a local level continues to be complex and volatile with populations in a number of areas remaining vulnerable to the effects of ongoing and new crises. Rebel groups, often fuelled by resistance to political processes, continue to pose a major threat to stability and to the protection of human rights in the region. A resumption of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) activities in northern Uganda has been among the greatest disappointments of 2005 and has accounted for substantial new population displacement and the continuation of large scale night commuting of children.

In addition bouts of rebel activity in eastern DRC and in some parts of Burundi have been ongoing throughout the year. The effect of such violence on civilian populations is compounded by the restrictions it imposes on access, safe movement and consequently on humanitarian assistance. An estimated five million people remain displaced either within their national borders or in neighbouring countries, and many more are affected by other man made or natural crises. Those affected are often vulnerable to human rights abuses and face greater threat from sexual abuse and exploitation, epidemics, and other health risks. 2005 has seen welcome developments in relation to regional co-operation, including the continuation of the International Conference for the Great Lakes for Peace Security, Democracy and Development (IC/GLR). Member countries have worked together to develop a number of programmes of action and protocols with the aim of implementing the principals and intentions outlined in the Dar es Salaam Declaration at the end of 2004. A second Heads of State Summit is due to mark the completion of the conference and the beginning of efforts to realise its vision. In addition, a tripartite agreement between Rwanda, DRC and Uganda to jointly address the presence of armed elements in eastern DRC has been a well-received step towards the restoration of peace in the region.

Over the course of the year, stakeholders to the Great Lakes Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) have continued to work together to monitor the situation in the region and to respond to ongoing and new emergency situations in relation to the jointly developed 2005 Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP). In addition, participating United Nations (UN) agencies, Non -Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and the Red Cross have met regularly to discuss their activities, achievements and constraints and the changing context in the region. During a two day workshop in August, partners met along with donors to undertake a final review, to determine the most probable outlook for 2006 and, subsequently, to redefine priorities for the coming year. The strategic priorities identified by the Great Lakes CAP stakeholders aim to reflect operational priorities for the effective delivery of humanitarian assistance and to highlight key humanitarian concerns. Four key objectives were agreed upon under the overarching goal of supporting effective and appropriate humanitarian assistance to populations in need. These are to strengthen a coordinated and collaborative approach; to enhance preparedness and response capacity and timeliness of action; to improve the protection environment, especially for women and children; and to provide life saving and life enhancing assistance in conjunction with country level structures. In developing response plans and projects, greater emphasis has been given to the role of regional interagency groups which have enjoyed growing participation from NGOs, UN agencies and the Red Cross. The strategy is underpinned by recognition among partners of the growing need to respond to transitional issues within regional humanitarian response.

The Consolidated Appeal for the Great Lakes Region for 2006 requests a total amount of US$ 154,537,282.

Consolidated Appeal for Great Lakes 2006
Summary of Requirements - by Sector
as of 3 November 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts

Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.

Sector Name
Original Requirements (US$)
AGRICULTURE
3,615,000
COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
3,553,559
EDUCATION
1,905,690
FOOD
123,957,750
HEALTH
4,366,360
MULTI-SECTOR
14,743,300
PROTECTION/HUMAN RIGHTS/RULE OF LAW
2,395,623
Grand Total
154,537,282

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 3 November 2005. For continuously updated information on projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

Consolidated Appeal for Great Lakes 2006
Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
as of 3 November 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts

Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.

Appealing Organisation
Original Requirements (US$)
FAO
3,615,000
IOM
381,647
IRC
185,000
IRIN
137,500
OCHA
2,306,059
OHCHR
278,000
UNDP
243,000
UNESCO
2,426,166
UNFPA
2,182,000
UNHCR
14,743,300
UNICEF
1,540,000
UNIFEM
1,425,500
WFP
123,957,750
WHO
1,116,360
Grand Total
154,537,282

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 3 November 2005. For continuously updated information on projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

2005 IN REVIEW

The jointly developed CHAP for 2005 comprised four operational objectives and three thematic priorities. Regional level stakeholders worked to support and enhance country-level operations by giving priority focus to internal and interagency coordination and liaison; to advocacy for the mobilisation of support and resources; to country level response capacity; and to emergency preparedness, monitoring and evaluation. Thematic priorities within these activities were identified as saving lives through the provision of basic needs assistance; preventing and addressing human rights violations particularly sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) and violations of children's rights; and improving humanitarian response policy with a special focus on displaced populations and on Human Immuno-deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Outlined below are some of the activities undertaken by regional-level stakeholders towards these objectives.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • TABLE I. Summary of Requirements by Sector
  • Our Call for the Great Lakes Region

2. 2005 IN REVIEW

2.1 Coordination and Liaison

2.2 Advocacy

2.3 Emergency Response Capacity and Direct Assistance

2.4 Emergency Preparedness, Monitoring and Evaluation

2.5 Financial Overview: Response to the 2005 Consolidated Appeal

3. THE COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN

3.1 The Context and Its Humanitarian Consequences

  • 3.1A The Context
  • 3.1B The Humanitarian Consequences
    16 Months with the Lord's Resistance Army

3.2 Scenarios

3.3 Strategic Priorities for Humanitarian Response

3.4 Response Plans

3.5 Complementarity with Other Actors

4. STRATEGIC MONITORING PLAN

5. SUMMARY: STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE

ANNEX I. DONOR RESPONSE TO THE 2005 APPEAL

ANNEX II. SUMMARY MATRIX OF SUPPORT PROVIDED BY REGIONAL OFFICES

ANNEX III. OVERVIEW OF AGENCIES AND ORGANISATIONS

ANNEX IV. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

Project Summary sheets are in a separate volume entitled "Projects"

Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Volume 1 - Full Original Appeal [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]
Volume 2 - Projects [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]

* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368
E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.