Burundi + 1 more

Burundi Situation Report: 09 - 15 Jan 2006

Activities and Updates

Cholera update: Since the outbreak of the cholera epidemic in Rumonge commune (Bururi) in October 2005, the number of registered cases has risen to 303 (as of 9 Jan 2006). In collaboration with the provincial health authorities, WHO has organized a meeting aimed at assessing the situation. Suspected cases were also reported in communes of Bujumbura Mairie, Cibitoke and Bubanza pending confirmation. Humanitarian agencies in close collaboration with health administration authorities have initiated follow-up.

Food Security Situation: Within the framework of the crop and food supply assessment that was launched nationwide on 4 January 2006, inter-agency missions comprised of FAO/Emergency Coordination Unit, WFP, UNICEF and OCHA were conducted in Muyinga, Makamba, Rutana, Ruyigi and Cankuzo provinces. Each time, meetings were held with provincial authorities to discuss seed distribution coverage of the 2006A agricultural season, climatic conditions, expected crop yields of said season, household vulnerability, crop diseases and livestock. Pockets of vulnerability which are mainly due to delayed rains and crop diseases have been identified in different areas in the assessed provinces. On the whole, if the rain delay continues, yields of the current season will be lower than during the 2005A season. Furthermore, two types of crop ravaging insects which affect maize and beans were reported in Gihofi colline in Bukemba commune (Rutana Province). To address the issue, the provincial agriculture and livestock director has requested assistance with pesticides.

Food Aid Distribution: Over the reporting week, WFP has distributed 1,350 MT of food aid to 282,171 beneficiaries.

Rwandan Asylum Seekers: Construction work undertaken by NRC of the temporary site in Musasa entered its second and final phase whilst Rwandan asylum seekers are sheltered in Songore, Mugano, Rwizuri as well as Musasa. Health facilities set up by MSF-B were operational. After IRC and GTZ both encountered bottlenecks in providing sufficient quantities of water, ONUB agreed to support water trucking temporarily. A total of 80m3 is provided on a weekly basis by ONUB and IRC. UNHCR continued to coordinate activities, notably regarding joint refugee status determination activities with the Government. With smaller numbers of new arrivals coming in from Rwanda the total number of Rwandan asylum seekers in the Northern provinces of Burundi has climbed to about 7,800.

Access, Protection and Security

As a result of improved security in Bujumbura Rural, Bubanza and Cibitoke, all zones have been accessed over the reporting week. However, night displacement continues in Musigati commune (Bubanza).

Despite the gradual return to security in Bujumbura Rural, which was long affected by the fighting between the National Defence Forces and rebels, arrests of people accused of collaboration with FNL movement are still reported. Human rights violations attributed to FNL rebel movement and some soldiers from the National Defence Forces continue to be reported. In Nyabibondo Zone (Nyabiraba commune, Bujumbura Rural), persons who broke with FNL movement are reportedly arrested at night.

Coordination

Chaired by their respective Governors, provincial coordination meetings were held in Bururi (11 Jan 2006) and Ruyigi (13 Jan). In Ruyigi, issues discussed included food security and community reintegration. Participants including administration authorities, UN agencies, national and international NGOs adopted the meeting schedule of the four thematic groups (Food security/agriculture, Health/Nutrition, Community recovery/population reinsertion and reintegration, and protection/human rights), which was presented by OCHA. In Bururi, participants identified six sectors of development activities.

For more information:

Adélaide Habonimana,
National Information Officer
tel: (257) 910 196,
E-mail: habonimanaa@un.org

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.