Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2018)
The current number of internally displaced persons (IDP) stands at 147,000, which represents a 21% decrease compared to May 2018. This decrease is partly explained by the dry season that coincides with this period. However, with the start of the short rain season in October, it is likely that the number of IDPs will increase towards the end of the year, as climatic hazards account for 75% of internal displacements in Burundi. In fact, since the beginning of October about 3,000 people have already been affected and 1,700 displaced by torrential rains and violent winds, according to IOM DTM. UNHCR statistics also show a downward trend in the number of refugees since the beginning of the year, mainly due to the voluntary repatriation of Burundian refugees from Tanzania with more than 52,000 Burundians having voluntarily returned since September 2017. Nevertheless, there are still around 368,000 Burundian refugees in the region. The number of food insecure people decreased by 35%, from 2.6 million in July 2017 to 1.7 million in April 2018, which is mainly related to a good rain season and a relative improvement in agricultural production during the 2018A season. Moreover, the results of the SMART survey published last March indicates a 4.5% acute malnutrition rate at the national level, which is considered as a low prevalence according to the WHO standards.