Burkina Faso + 2 more

WFP Central Sahel Situation Report (4 December 2020)

Situation Report
Originally published


In Numbers

  • 13.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Burkina Faso (2.9 m), Mali (6.8 m), and Niger (3.7 m). (OCHA)

  • 6.2 million people targeted by WFP in Burkina Faso (1.2 m), Mali (2.5 m), and Niger (2.5 m) until end December 2020.

  • 1.6 million people internally displaced (IDPs) in Burkina Faso (1 m), Mali (287,500), and Niger (257,100).

  • 296,600 refugees in Burkina Faso (20,000),
    Mali (47,000), and Niger (229,600).

  • 1.2 million people assisted so far by WFP and partners in October 2020 across Burkina Faso (604,633) and Mali (581,152). WFP in Niger targeted 1.5 million people in October and provided food and nutritious assistance to 643,704 vulnerable people in September 2020.


The preliminary results of the November 2020 CH indicate that 3.7 million people are currently food insecure in the Central Sahel countries, which represents a slight 11 percent increase compared to the results of the November 2019 CH. According to the preliminary figures, the food security situation remains worrying in Burkina Faso with a 66 percent increase in the number of people experiencing food insecurity (compared to the November 2019 CH results). From June to August 2021, (lean season), 5.41 million people are projected to be food insecure in the three Central Sahel countries.

On the occasion of the World AIDS Day on 1 December, the WFP Regional Bureau of Dakar recalled that in 2019 alone, 21 percent of all AIDS-related deaths worldwide took place in West and Central Africa. WFP supports efforts for achieving zero new HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS-related deaths, through emergency response, social protection and supply chain to deliver food and nutrition services and assistance to vulnerable people living with or affected by HIV.

On 20 November, during the World Children’s Day, the United Nations warned that there is some three million refugees, internally displaced people and returnees in the Sahel, “with a large proportion under the age of 18; many not getting a proper education”.

On 20 October, a high-level humanitarian event on the Central Sahel was held under the co-chairmanship of the Government of Denmark, the Government of Germany, the European Union and the United Nations. Participants, including WFP pledged to consider protection as a central element of the response and to step up join efforts for an effective humanitarian, development and peace nexus, respecting the objectives of each component.
WFP urgently requires USD 182 million from December 2020 to May 2021 to carry out its planned lifesaving operations in the Central Sahel.