As of 31 December, 1,579,976 persons have fled their homes in search of safety, increasingly moving towards urban centres, contributing to accelerate urbanization. In comparison to January 2021, the total number of IDPs has increased by 69,4%. Of these, 53% women and 52% children from zero to fourteen years old.
In the last quarter of 2021, UNHCR presented its 2022-2025 multi-year and multi-partner strategy (MYMP) to governmental and nongovernmental actors as well as donors present in Burkina Faso. Current and prospective partners have all been involved in the regional workshops held in Ouahigouya, Dori, Kaya, Fada and Bobo-Dioulasso.
As of 31 December, Burkina Faso continues to generously host 25,008 refugees and asylum seekers, 98% of whom are from Mali. Of these, 54% are women and 56% children under the age of seventeen years old. Due to insecurity in Goudoubo, 12,978 refugees have fled the camp for the town of Dori. In 2021, at least 6,215 additional arrivals from Mali have been registered.
Working with Partners
■ In Burkina Faso, UNHCR works with 20 implementing partners, amongst which the Government and its technical entities, UN sister agencies and development actors. The Multi Year Multi Partners (MYMP) strategy, which will guide UNHCR’s action for the 2022-2025 period, will bring together a full range of national and international stakeholders, including authorities, the UN and humanitarian country teams (UNCT and HCT), development actors, the private sector, displaced people, host communities and civil society. This MYMP strategy will comprehensively respond to the needs of refugees, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), those at risk of statelessness and other persons of concern (PoCs) to UNHCR, while reinforcing their access to protection and the realization of durable solutions.
■ UNHCR coordinates the response for all refugees in Burkina Faso with the National Commission for Refugees (CONAREF) and its other governmental partners, UN agencies, local and international partners.
■ With regards to the response for IDPs, direct interventions are undertaken with local, regional, and national authorities, including the National Council for Emergency Relief and Rehabilitation (CONASUR). In line with the Humanitarian Reform and IASC mechanisms, UNHCR leads the (i) Protection, (ii) Shelter/Core Relief Items (CRIs) and (iii) CCCM/GSAT (Gestion des Sites d’Accueil Temporaires) Clusters. (i) The Protection cluster ensures the central character of protection in all humanitarian action and beyond, through coordination with national and regional humanitarian actors as well as with the other clusters. (ii) As part of its coordination role, the Shelter cluster continues to strengthen the harmonization and coordination of the response, while also informing partners of any existing gap. (iii) Regarding the GSAT activities, the government’s coordination and management capacities on sites and camp-like settings are reinforced through various tools. Limited resources and growing displacement have impacted the response.
■ As of 31 December 2021, the Protection Cluster’ interventions were only funded at 23% and reached 80% of the targeted people ; while the Shelter/CRIs response only covered 52% of shelter needs, with UNHCR covering 49% of these interventions.
■ Beyond its cluster responsibilities, UNHCR continues to play a key role in interagency fora, particularly on issues such as the Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA)/Sexual harassment (SH) within the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). In this area, UNHCR pursued its work with the HCT, towards the strengthening of the joint PSEA coordination in Burkina Faso. This support allowed mainly to (i) draft the 2021-2024 interagency PSEA-SH strategy and its related action plan, (ii) strengthen the capacities of HCT/UNCT members and the members of the WASH, Health, Shelter, CCCM and Education Clusters on the IASC learning module "Say NO to sexual misconduct", (iii) as well as strengthen the capacities on the integration of Accountability to Affected People (AAP)/PSEA. In addition, UNHCR staff and partners were trained on PSEA/SH, the Code of Conduct and AAP, and a network of 89 focal points within all UNHCR offices and partners was established. UNHCR is also engaged in the “Community Engagement and Accountability Working Group” and supports the establishment of complaints, feedback and accountability mechanisms within the framework of the CCCM/GSAT Cluster.
■ UNHCR has launched the assessment of its Partners’ organizational capacities to prevent and mitigate the risks of SEA, in accordance with the special provisions of the Secretary-General's Circular, as well as the minimum standards of the “Protocol of United Nations Implementing Partners Relating to Allegations of Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse Involving Implementing Partners” (also known as the “United Nations Protocol”).