Burkina Faso

Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation, Burkina Faso 200054: Reversing Under-Nutrition in Burkina Faso

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Duration: 2 years (January 2010 – December 2011)
Number of beneficiaries: 931,000
WFP food tonnage: 18,635mt
WFP food cost: US$15,344,290
Total cost to WFP: US$26,386,144


Persistent high food prices in local markets and significant household income declines from falling cotton prices have exacerbated the precarious food security situation in Burkina Faso. As a result, undernutrition among children aged 6-59 months and among pregnant and lactating women is a concern in most of the country. The Sahel, East and Boucle du Mouhoun regions are among the most affected areas, with wasting levels over 15 percent for the children under 5, and levels above 10 percent in the North, Centre-North, Plateau Central,
Centre-West and South-West regions.

To respond to the critical nutrition situation and comply with the recommendations of the recent WFP evaluation and the Executive Board mission, this protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) is designed to: i) reduce acute malnutrition below emergency levels (WFP Strategic Objective 1); and ii) strengthen the Government’s capacity to respond to food security crises arising from market shocks (Strategic Objective 2).

Through the PRRO relief component, WFP will address the high rates of acute malnutrition by providing targeted supplementary feeding to wasted children under 5 and undernourished pregnant and lactating women as a curative approach. At the same time, very high rates of stunting call for a preventive approach earlier in life. Therefore, under the operation’s recovery component, WFP will facilitate gender and nutrition education activities to promote childcare and improve food consumption habits. Moreover, a protective ration will be provided during the lean season to all children under 2, to prevent a seasonal increase in wasting and high admission rates to therapeutic and supplementary feeding centres. A smallscale malnutrition prevention pilot for pregnant women, consisting of micronutrient powder along with a protective supplementary ration, will be undertaken to support the Ministry of Health’s (MoH) efforts to improve eating habits and the quality of local foods.

Activities will be gradually handed over to the MoH once the prevalence of wasting is below 10 percent in the targeted regions. Furthermore, WFP will support the Nutrition Department of the Ministry of Health in revising the National Protocol for the management of acute malnutrition.

WFP will also support the Government in developing a broader emergency food security response mechanism to respond to market shocks and nutritional crises. WFP will provide vulnerability analysis, and monitoring and evaluation expertise to support the setup of a nutritional surveillance system and the development of a comprehensive emergency food security response mechanism.