Burkina Faso is facing important security challenges due to internal and external threats. As a direct consequence of instability in neighboring Mali and Niger, the country has faced several terrorist attacks. The sudden change of regime left deep political divides, leaving Burkina Faso very vulnerable. In the Northern regions, new, militant Islamic factions are emerging as a result of the marginalization as well as geographic and socio-economic isolation of the population.
Following the election of President Roch Kabore and his new Government in November 2015, the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) was approached by the new Government, the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWAS) and the UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA) to support urgent peacebuilding interventions, including security sector reform (SSR), National Reconciliation, and Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE) in the north of the country