Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso: Floods DREF Bulletin No. MDRBF002

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Situation Report
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The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

This DREF Bulletin is being issued based on the situation described below reflecting the information available at this time. CHF 59,111 (USD 47,941 or EUR 37,579) has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to respond to the needs in this operation, or to replenish disaster preparedness stocks distributed to the affected population. This operation is expected to be implemented over 2 months, and will be completed by 17 October 2006; a Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Background and current situation

After a delay in rains in most Sahel countries, unexpected torrential rains caused flooding in the northern part of Burkina Faso, leaving thousands of families homeless after their houses were washed away. The floods - which occurred on 9 August - also washed away many crops, food reserves and personal possessions of the poor farming communities.

The town of Gorom-Gorom (close to the Niger and Mali border) - 270 km north of the capital Ouagadougou - together with some neighbouring villages, registered around 6,000 people seeking temporary shelter in strongstructured schools and town halls. With a population of more than 64,000 people, Gorom-Gorom is the major town of Oudalan Province. Most roads linking it with other villages have been cut off making it difficult for humanitarian help to reach the beneficiaries. Assessment teams are experiencing difficulties in obtaining the right picture of the damage caused as well as the humanitarian needs.

Northern Burkina Faso is a pastoralist and agricultural area which is full of cropping activities during this period of the year because of the rains. Three provinces (Oudalan, Seum and Yatenga), mainly arid but containing many seasonal rivers and water ponds during the rainy season, received more than 136 mm of rains in the past week. The recent floods hit a region that has endured 30 years of successive droughts, locust invasions and loss of grain to birds. With the floods washing away crops, food insecurity is looming, thus the need for immediate intervention. It is worth noting that the 2004-2005 agricultural production in this area was far below average due to lack of rains that resulted in severe drought conditions.

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Map: Burkina Faso: Floods - Situation map

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- In Burkina Faso: Wéléti Maiga, National Director, Burkinabe Red Cross Society, Ouagadougou; Email: croixrouge@cenatrin.bf; Phone +226.50.36.13.40, Fax + 226.50.36.31.21

- In Senegal: Alasan Senghore, Federation Head of West and Central Africa Regional Delegation, Dakar; Email: alasan.senghore@ifrc.org; Phone; +221.869.36.41; Fax; +221. 860.20.02.

- In Geneva: Madeleine Lundberg, Federation Regional Officer for West Africa, Africa Dept; Email: madeleine.lundberg@ifrc.org; Phone +41.22.730.43.35; Fax +41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

Full report (pdf* format - 48 KB)