Burkina Faso + 5 more

Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal: Heavy Rains and Floods Appeal No. 20/03 Final Report

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Appeal No. 20/2003; Final Report; Period covered: October 2003 to June 2004; Final appeal coverage: 106.9%.

(Click here to go directly to the attached Final Financial Report).

Appeal history:

Launched as a multi-country Emergency Appeal on 2 October 2003 for CHF 802,000 (USD 607,934 or EUR 520,406) for four (4) months to assist 29,000 beneficiaries.

Operation extended by five (5) months to 30 June 2004. No budget revision.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 25,000 for each of the five countries (including Mauritania).

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Sahel sub-region Annual Appeal no. 01.39/2004, Mauritania Annual Appeal no. 01.36/2004, Emergency Appeal 05/2003: Mauritania Drought and Food Security (Closed/Completed)


Heavy seasonal rains swept across the Sahel region between August and October 2003 causing serious flooding and landslides in several of the Sahel countries. This led to the destruction of grain storehouses, homes, loss of lives and livestock. Bridges and roads were washed away in some countries making access to flooded zones very difficult.

In Burkina Faso, the heavy rainfalls flooded 10 major towns of the country and created an emergency situation for over 3,000 families. Some 900 families lost their homes and belongings, local food stocks were destroyed, and many crops were inundated, jeopardizing the next harvest. The Federation estimated the number of persons in dire need of assistance to be 12,120 in the 14 counties of Kadiogo, Sanmatenga, Boulgou, Yatenga, Nayala, Kénédougou, Bazèga, Bam, Séno, Noumbiel, Comoé, Loroum, Nahouri and Sebba. In addition to the toll in human lives, several regions, mostly in the northern and the south-western part of the country, experienced a loss of livestock, food reserves and crops.

Bamako, Mali experienced four violent rainstorms during the last week of October and the first week of November 2003. Surrounding towns which had been flooded for three months experienced more flooding after the heavy rains in July 2003.

Similarly, in Cameroon heavy downpour experienced on 19 to 20 July 2003 and on 27 to 29 August 2003 in Magah village, Lebialem Division, South West Province caused flooding and a landslide, claimed 20 lives, damaged property extensively, and left about 1,000 people homeless

Most areas of Mauritania also suffered from extraordinarily heavy rainfall between 7 and 20 August 2003. The most affected regions were along the Senegal River and in the central locations of Assaba, Gorgol, Brakna and Adrar where some 3,638 mud houses were destroyed, leaving 21,000 people homeless. While there was no organized evacuation, communities provided critical assistance. Most roads were in deplorable condition, and several bridges fell, making access to the affected areas very difficult.

In Niger, the heavy rains continued through September 2003. Seven persons were killed in floods and approximately 5,400 families (30,000 people) in the regions of Maradi, Dosso, Tahouna, Tillabéri and Zinder were seriously affected by the rains and floods; with at least 1,100 houses and local food stocks for several thousand people completely destroyed. Road networks and public buildings were not spared as most were destroyed. An estimated 5,000 persons were rendered homeless.

In Senegal, the areas most affected by the heavy rains and floods that occurred during the early part of August 2003 were mainly Kaolack, Matam, Tambacounda and Kolda. Eight persons were killed while some 6,492 were left without shelter - with at least 887 families (1,277 people) partly or entirely losing their household equipment. Roads were cut off by mudflows and access to many regions in the northern part of the country became slow and difficult.

An emergency appeal was launched in October 2003 to assist 29,000 flood victims. Prior to the launch of the appeal, national societies in the affected countries began providing assistance to most affected families with own funds before five out of the six countries in the Appeal received a DREF allocation of 25,000 CHF each, with the exception of Cameroon which benefited from a first donation from Japan. The nutritional status of children in the areas at risk required a review of the appeal in October to provide assistance to additional 1,250 malnourished children and an equal number of pregnant or breastfeeding women.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Mauritania: Mr. Mohamedou Ould Raby, Secretary General, Mauritanian Red Crescent, Nouakchott; Email sn=5Fcrm@yahoo.fr; Phone +222.525.12.49; Fax+ 222.529.12.2

In Senegal: Alasan Senghore, Federation Head of Regional Delegation, Dakar; Email: alasan.senghore@ifrc.org; Phone +221.860.20.02

In Geneva: Madeleine Lundberg, Federation Regional Officer for West and Central Africa, Africa Dept.; Email: madeleine.lundberg@ifrc.org; Phone +41.22.730.43.35

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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