Burkina Faso + 5 more

Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal: Heavy Rains and Floods Appeal No. 20/03 Operation Update No. 2

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.
In Brief

Appeal No. 20/2003; Operations Update no. 2; Period covered: December 2003 to March 2004; Appeal coverage: 106.9%; (click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history:

Launched on 2 October 2003 for CHF 802,000 (USD 607,934 or EUR 520,406) for four (4) months to assist 29,000 beneficiaries.

Operation extended by five (5) months to 30 June 2004; Final Report is therefore due on 30 June 2004.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 25,000 for each of the five countries.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Annual Appeal no. 01.39/2004.

Operational Summary: Heavy seasonal rains hit the Sahel region between August and October 2003 causing serious flooding and landslides. Grain storehouses, homes, human lives and livestock were destroyed. All six National Societies have been supporting the populations affected by the floods . However, the time frame had to be extended due to continued flooding and late arrival of funding. Other problems include difficulty in accessing some of the affected areas. Registration of beneficiaries also caused some delays at the beginning of the programme.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- Andrea Wojnar Diagne, Federation Head of Sahel Regional Office, Dakar; Email ifrcsn03@ifrc.org; Phone 221 842 23 41; Fax 221 842 23 40

- Roger Bracke, Head of Federation Central Africa Sub -regional Office, Yaounde; Email ifrccm06@ifrc.org; Phone 237 221 74 37; Fax 237 221 74 39

- Mark Willis, Federation Regional Officer for West and Central Africa, Geneva; Email mark.willis@ifrc.org ; Phone 41 22 730 42 60 ; Fax 41 22 733 03 95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the

Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

Operational developments

Countries in the Sahel region experienced heavy seasonal rains that swept across the Sahel region between July and October 2003, causing serious flooding and landslides which led to the destruction of grain storehouses, homes, human lives and livestock. Access to flood zones was difficult due to bridges and roads that were washed away. Bamako experienced four violent rainstorms during the last week of October and the first week of November. St Louis in Senegal and other neighbouring towns experienced more flooding after the heavy July floods.

Similarly, Magha village in the Wabane Sub-Division, Lebialem Division, South-West Province (Cameroon) was hit by a heavy rain storm from 19 to 20 July 2003. Floods and landslides came as a result of that rain, leaving 20 people dead and causing serious damage to property. About 567 families were rendered homeless, without food security as their harvest and livestock were carried away by water. In late August 2003, another rainstorm that lasted three days hit Magha and the surrounding localities in the North-West Province, causing loss of lives, livestock and crops. The torrential rains caused flooding and a landslide claiming 20 lives, damaging a lot of property and leaving about 1,000 people homeless.

The Red Cross national societies in the affected countries began providing assistance to the most affected families with their own funds before five out of the six countries in the appeal received a DREF of 25,000 CHF per country. Cameroon benefited from a donation from Japan.

Disaster Response

Burkina Faso

Objective: Provide basic emergency assistance in the form of food (dry rations) and non-food (paracetamol, aspirin and water purification tablets) to meet the immediate needs of the affected population for two months.

The second phase which was completing the programme initiated by DREF funds focused on the Northern part and South-west; the operation covered 2,036 and 3,600 beneficiaries from both regions respectively. The two-month operation included distribution of relief food, 57.98 MT of rice and 57.95 MT of millet.


The Burkinabe Red Cross prepared a proposal budget for assistance in food for two months for 2,600 beneficiaries in the northern provinces of Bam, Soum and Yagha and the release of funding is imminent.


Objective 1: Provide basic emergency assistance in the form of food (dry rations) and non-food (mats, soap, buckets) to meet the immediate needs of the most vulnerable affected population in Bamako district , Segou and Mopti (619,160 and 732 beneficiaries) regions for a one month period.

Objective 2: Prevent malaria and diarrhoeal diseases in the affected areas by disinfecting wells and latrines and distributing 906 impregnated mosquito nets for 302 families (3 units per family) Objective 3: Replenish the emergency non-food items contingency stock to enable an immediate intervention in the event of future disasters.


Information from Mali is being awaited as the operation is being coordinated by the Spanish Red Cross.


Objective 1: Shelter - to provide shelter assistance to flood affected victims.

Objective 2: Health, water and sanitation assistance and training of community agents to sanitize the areas and carry out water purification.


Following the first assistance phase funded by DREF, a second phase was funded by the German Government/German Red Cross through the Federation covering administration and logistics. The first and second phases focused mostly on Matam region where 11,416 people were most affected region. The Saint-Louis region was also assisted and 3,000 people were reached. The assistance took into account the level of vulnerability. Emphasis was put on the pregnant women, breast feeding women, infants of up to six months and the elderly.

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