Appeal No. 05AA026; Appeal target: CHF 315,000 (USD 257, 000 or EUR 201,000);
Appeal coverage: 40.5%.
Annual Appeal: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/annual05/05AA026.pdf
This Annual Report reflects activities implemented over a one-year period; they form part of, and are based on, longer-term, multi-year planning.
According to the World Bank's 2002 World Development Report, Burkina Faso is the 12th poorest country in the world, with a Gross National Income (GNI) of USD 230. In 2001, an estimated 45% of the population lived below the poverty line. Burkina Faso is located in the Sahel-Sahara zone which is mainly characterized by a very low rainfall and frequent droughts. The country is also continually hit by floods. Despite the lack of resources as well as water and fertile soil, agriculture represents half the country's export earnings and employs 84% of the nation's workforce.
National health care in Burkina Faso remains very poor. The mortality rate of children aged under five years was 107 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2002. The main diseases affecting the predominantly rural population are malaria and HIV/AIDS. Burkina Faso has the second highest rate of infection in West Africa. In 2001, meningitis also swept through the nation killing over 1,500 people; the outbreak recurred in 2002 and 2003. In 1998, the country had only three doctors for every 100,000 people(1). Public expenditure on health amounts to about only 2.0% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The 2004-2005 harvest in the Sahel region was seriously affected by the worst locust invasion in twenty years, compounded by low rainfalls. Crops were greatly reduced, as was the availability of grazing land in pastoralist areas. This resulted in serious food insecurity in Burkina Faso as well as the other countries in the Sahel region. The 'lean' period, which occurs between April and October - when the harvest from the previous year has been exhausted and the current year's production is not yet ready - is always difficult in the Sahel region, and proved particularly lengthy over 2005, leading in part to the food security crisis.
In response to the food insecurity situation in the Sahel, the International Federation launched an Emergency Appeal on 22 July 2005, for CHF 18,243,483, to assist 44,400 families (some 220,000 beneficiaries) in four countries, including Burkina Faso (refer to http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/05/05EA015.pdf). The Burkinabe Red Cross Society (BRCS), through its volunteer network, was actively involved in responding to needs within the framework of the Sahel food security operation. Emergency food distributions reached 149,819 beneficiaries thanks to cooperation between the BRCS, the Federation, the Danish Red Cross, the Luxembourg Red Cross and the Irish Red Cross/Irish Government.
All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org
For further information specifically related to this Annual Appeal please contact:
- In Burkina Faso: Ban Ouandaogo, President, Burkinabe Red Cross Society, Ouagadougou; Email: email@example.com; Phone +226.50.361.340; Fax +226.50.363.121.
- In Senegal: Alasan Senghore, Federation Head of West and Central Africa Regional Delegation, Dakar; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone. +221.869.36.41; Fax +221. 860.20.02.
- In Geneva: Madeleine Lundberg, Federation Regional Officer for West and Central Africa, Africa Dept.; Email email@example.com; Phone +41.22.730.4.35; Fax +41.22.733.03.9 5
(1) UNDP Human Development Index- refer to http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2005/pdf/hdr05_HDI.pdf
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