Bulgaria Flood DREF Bulletin no. 05ME047 Final Report


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 183 countries.
In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: August 2005 to March 2006.

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

- CHF 142,309.85 (USD 110,470 or EUR 91,931) allocated from the Federation's DREF on 8 August 2005, to respond to the needs of 2,400 families/10,000 beneficiaries for 1 month.

- A further CHF 77,500 (EUR 50,000) was allocated from the Federation's DREF in November 2005. Therefore, the total DREF allocation for this appeal was CHF 219,810 to assist a total of 4,507 families over the winter months.

- This operation was expected to be implemented by February 2006, but was completed by March 2006. In line with Federation reporting standards, the DREF Bulletin Final Report (narrative and financial) was due 90 days after the end of the operation (by May 2006).

The International Federation undertakes activities that are aligned with its Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

As a result of heavy rains and storms, which hit Bulgaria from the end of May 2005 and continued throughout the country until November, a total of 25 municipalities in Bulgaria were affected. The flooding caused severe damage to public and private buildings, destroyed and damaged bridges, disrupted water supply systems, activated landslides, and damaged dikes and dams. On 4 August, a state of disaster was declared in the municipalities of Ihtiman, Gorna Malina (villages of Gorna Malina, Belopoltsi, Negushevo, Chekanchevo, Makotsevo, Dolno Kamartsi, Gorno Kamartsi, Sarantsi, Sturgel, and Dolna Malina) and Kostenets. The Bulgarian Red Cross (BRC) was closely involved with a range of emergency services to respond to this disaster. In a number of places, the public infrastructure was destroyed or seriously damaged. Several people were reported dead, arable land was flooded and crops destroyed, basements and gardens were under water and cattle drowned. Overall, the most seriously affected regions were Targovishte, Veliko Tirnovo, Shoumen, Stara Zagora and Rousse and several municipalities in the regions of Haskovo, Bourgas, Vratza and Lovetch, Sofia region. A state of emergency was declared in five municipalities in Shumen region, and three in the region of Targovishte, Stara Zagora.

The assessment phase continued as the flooding spread and the heavy rains continued. While state institutions and local authorities mounted relief efforts, the situation worsened once again with successive waves of heavy rains, affecting the same areas as well as new ones, also including southern Bulgaria. During this second wave the regions of Targovishte, Veliko Tarnovo, Rousse, Shoumen, Silistra in Northern Bulgaria and Stara Zagora, Haskovo, Plovdiv, Pazardjik and Burgas in Southern Bulgaria were affected. A state of emergency was declared in the municipalities of Rousse (Dve Mogili), Targovishte (Popovo) and Shoumen regions. The water level of the Vit, Osam, Baniska and Jantra rivers rapidly increased to 3 to 5 meters above normal, damaging roads, railways, electro and water supply systems, telecommunications, as well as individual property (flooded basements, houses and farms). The railway lines connecting Sofia with the northern part of the country - Targovishte, Shoumen and Varna - were flooded cutting cross country rail communication.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- In Bulgaria: National Society Bulgarian Red Cross Jassen Slivensky Director DP/DR Department e-mail j.slivensky@redcross.bg , phone/ fax +359 2 81 64 844

- In Regional Delegation Budapest: Slobodanka Curic, Regional Disaster Management Coordinator, slobodanka.curic@ifrc.org, phone: + 38765 665 747

- In Geneva: Europe Department, Erja Reinikainen, Regional Officer erja.reinikainen@ifrc.org, phone: + 41 22 730 4319, fax + 41 22 733 0395.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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