This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 7,7 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support four National Societies in Southern Africa (Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho and Namibia) to deliver assistance to 81,000 people (16,200 households) affected by a worsening drought for 14 months with a focus on Livelihoods and Basic Needs. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the operation.
The four targeted countries were selected bearing in mind that Red Cross Red Crescent network has ongoing operations in Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe, which are all addressing food insecurity. The additional four countries would expand the Federation network humanitarian response to eight countries in southern Africa. The selection of target communities is based on the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis and National Vulnerability Assessment (NVAC) reports. In consultations with the respective National Societies and in-country partners, the areas selected are where other non-Red Cross Red Crescent partners are not operational.
The Appeal is designed in coordination with in-country Red Cross/Red Crescent partners and seeks to build on existing programmes implemented by the National Societies, to implement emergency response activities and recovery interventions in the face of worsening food insecurity in southern Africa.
The operational strategy
Needs analysis (a) Regional overview Southern Africa currently has over 11 million people1 experiencing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and above) in nine countries (Angola, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe). As of the beginning of November; Angola, Botswana, Lesotho and Namibia declared states of drought emergencies, requiring international assistance to address the worsening food insecurity.
The 2018/19 rains were largely poor and latest forecasts indicate that several countries will be seriously affected by the continuation of the current dry conditions during the 2019-2020 production season. These include Eswatini and Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, parts of Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Earlier forecasts by the Southern African Regional Climate Outlook (SARCOF) indicated a 25% likelihood of below average rainfall. However, more recent forecasts indicated a much more serious situation of 70-80% likelihood of a consecutive below average rainfall season.
In response to the increasing food insecurity situation, governments across the region developed national mitigation and response plans, are allocating emergency response funds, and calling on the humanitarian community to provide additional support. In-country, government-led coordination mechanisms have been set up to ensure any response interventions address the most in need communities, and that resource mobilisation efforts are properly managed.
The Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies have supported their respective governments with additional assessments and consultations to determine areas and sectors for potential interventions. This multi–country Emergency Appeal is designed to cover Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho and Namibia, as the Red Cross Red Crescent network already has ongoing emergency operations in Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe, reaching 207,055 people (41,411 households) with food security related interventions. In addition, governments and other external partners are responding in other geographical areas and this Appeal focuses on areas where humanitarian gaps exist.
The UN agencies have developed a multi–sectoral Regional Appeal to address emergency needs in 103 countries over a period of 9 months (October 2019 – June 2020). In some countries the UN agencies have accessed the Central Emergency Response Funds (CERF) and humanitarian response are planned/ongoing. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is working with national governments to explore sub regional and regional funding opportunities such as through the Africa Development bank (AfDB) and the World Bank.