Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Annual Appeal No. 01.73/2004 Annual Report

Situation Report
Originally published


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In Brief

Appeal No. 01.73/2004; Period covered: January - December 2004

Appeal target: CHF 1,091,103 (USD 902,850 or EUR 702,525)

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals:

Bosnia and Herzegovina Annual Appeal 2004. For details, please see the website at

Bosnia and Herzegovina Annual Appeal 2004 - Programme Update no.1. For details, please see the website at

Bosnia and Herzegovina Annual Appeal 2004 - Programme Update no.2. For details, please see the website at

Central Europe Regional Programmes Annual Appeal 2004. For details, please see the website at

Bosnia and Herzegovina Floods Emergency Appeal No. 11/2004. For details, please see the website at

Overall analysis of the programme

A progress made by the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in 2004 on the European Union's 16 Feasibility Study conditions was impressive. BiH has secured a substantial degree of stability and acquired an important institutional capacity in a number of areas, such as defence, Police, revenue collection, and State Court. Following the local elections held in October in line with the highest international standards, the City of Mostar elected one Mayor which represented a significant progress in the work towards the permanent reunification of that city. One of the key problems is the acceleration of economic reforms with special focus on improving the environment for private investment.

With the hand-over of the peacekeeping mission in BiH from NATO's Stabilisation Forces (SFOR) to the 7,000-strong European Union's EUFOR in the beginning of December, the European Union (EU) enhanced its presence in the country in a very visible manner, as the European Commission (EC) delegation, the EU Police Mission and EU Special Representative were already present in BiH. Following NATO's announcement in December, indicating that for the second time BiH has failed to make progress in its efforts to join the Alliance's Partnership for Peace as a result of the continued failure of Republika Srpska's (RS) authorities to comply fully with the Hague Tribunal, the High Representative announced measures designed to address problems with law enforcement and security. The measures included dismissal of nine RS police and intelligence officials and freezing bank accounts of individuals suspected of collusion with persons indicted for war crimes. As a result, the Serb representatives from central bodies resigned, as well as the RS Prime Minister, which has caused political crises in the country.

According to the latest United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) statistics, 18,914 returns were recorded in the first ten months of 2004, making a total of 1,003,917 refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who have returned to their pre-war homes, since the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement. There are still 310,482 IDPs within Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as 22,252 refugees and 488 asylum seekers.

In the course of 2004, the Red Cross Society of Bosnia and Herzegovina (RCSBiH) continued to provide assistance to the most vulnerable population and worked on enhancing its organisational structure and improving its legal base. As a result of the Red Cross leadership lobbing with authorities, the Red Cross Law was adopted in September. The Entity Red Cross organisations elected its representatives in the National Society (NS) Governance bodies, i.e. NS Presidency and Assembly for 4 - year term and organised a series of meetings aimed at defining the Society's 5-year strategy. The RCSBiH staff and volunteers were the first who offered assistance to the flood victims in April, and its dedicated volunteers provided various services to the elderly Home Care beneficiaries and poor returnees. The Red Cross also organised numerous campaigns aimed at promoting Red Cross values and healthy life style and its representatives participated in international meetings. In order to enhance skills and knowledge of its staff and volunteers, the RCSBiH organised different workshops and seminars and in November 2004, established one more Emergency Response Team in Kotor Varos, making a total of 21 teams in the RCSBiH Disaster Preparedness (DP) network. Seven Red Cross staff became trainers for Tracing Service and their main role was to organise trainings for 45 teams involved in the "Ante mortem data base" campaign, aimed to assist in identification process of the missing persons. In addition, 20 volunteers were trained in dissemination issues and their main role will be to boost the image of the organisation within the community and to promote Red Cross values and principles.

Response to the appeal was very good, as the appeal coverage was 96 per cent and the RCSBiH was able to provide vital assistance to the Home Care and Population Movement programme beneficiaries, in order to strengthen its central office and organise various campaigns and training for the staff and volunteers. Like in the previous years, the main donors were the Norwegian Government/Red Cross, the Swedish Government/Red Cross, the Netherlands Red Cross (delegate's costs), and the Irish Red Cross.

The appeal coverage as of December 2004 per each project is shown in the table below:

Appeal coverage (%)
Health and Care programme
Home Care
Disaster Management programme
Population Movement
Organisational development programme
Financial management & development
Youth development

The Swiss and Spanish Red Crosses, as two partner National Societies present in the Bosnia and Herzegovina continued with their programmes in the areas of health and care and organisational development of the RCSBiH, while the Norwegian, Swedish and German Red Crosses were implementing bilateral projects with the RCSBiH. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Delegation to BiH supported the RCSBiH in the areas of tracing, dissemination of International Humanitarian Law, mine awareness and conflict preparedness and worked very closely with the Federation Office on issues related to strengthening the Red Cross structures.

For further information specifically related to this Annual Appeal please contact:

Red Cross Society of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Mr. Bakir Nakass, Chair person, email: , phone: + 387 33 200 151, fax: + 387 33 200 148

Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation Office: Ms. Samra Campara, Acting Federation Representative, email:, phone: + 387 33 666 009, fax: + 387 33 666 010

Geneva Secretariat: Erja Reinikainen, Federation Regional Officer, Europe Department, Geneva; email:; phone 41.22.730.43.19; fax 41.22.730.03.95

This Annual Report reflects activities implemented over a one-year period. This forms part of, and is based on, longer-term, multi-year planning. All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at

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