At the beginning of 2011, the country of Peru and the country of Bolivia experienced a significant increase of dengue cases, particularly in the Loreto region and the department of Beni, respectively. The dengue outbreak has required significant mobilization of financial and human of resources. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reports that by the sixth epidemiological week there were 22,556 dengue cases, 469 severe cases of dengue and 24 deaths in the Andean region. In addition, the presence of the La Niña weather phenomenon represents an increase of risk, with its periods of intense rains and the continuation of the macro-factors which exacerbate dengue in Region.
The National Societies of Peru and Bolivia have proposed a plan of action to respond to the outbreak that will target at least 3,000 families. The Red Cross National Societies will complete activities that focus on vector control to limit transmission, including nets distribution and cleaning campaigns, as well as activities that focus on preventive health at the community level.
This operation is expected to be implemented over three months, and will therefore be completed by May 2011; a Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation (by August 2011).