A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In October 2014, 62 per cent of families in northern region of La Paz department slowly started to be affected by hail and thunderstorms; thirty-seven per cent of families were affected by heavy rains. Floods are occurring in the northern part of the country (north of La Paz department, Beni and Pando in particular). The National Information System (SINAGER) of the VIDECI indicated in its 24 February 2014 report that 76 municipalities had been affected, of which 39 declared a state of emergency.
The nine Bolivian departments have been affected, but only two have declared emergencies (La Paz and Chuquisaca). Hailstorms and frost have damaged more than 13,000 hectares of crops, according to the Ministry of Rural Development and Land (MDRT).
The most affected area in the Pando department is the city of Cobija as well other municipalities in rural areas. To date, 1,069 families have been affected, which represents 3,963 people according to (VIDECI). Most of them have been evacuated to 25 shelters set up in sports arenas, schools and sheds. A state of emergency has been declared in the municipalities of Porvenir, Filadelfia, Bolpebra and Cobija. The humanitarian needs focus on: food security, safe water, sanitation, housing and protection in shelters. Educational activities in the capital of Pando have been suspended and health problems are anticipated. The response is being coordinated between the three levels of government, with the operational support of the Bolivian Armed Forces, police and other local institutions.