Benin + 3 more

West Africa Floods OCHA Special Update 02 Sep 2008

Situation Report
Originally published


1. Togo Situation


Six camps for populations displaced by flooding have been established in different locations around Lomé, with two of them currently being managed by the Togolese military. Approximately 4,000 individuals are accommodated in these camps, including 1,200 children. In addition, recent heavy rains in the Central region (Sokode) have affected over 1,500 people including 200 children under 5. To date, the total number of people affected in the Lomé area, including those accommodated by relatives or friends is still unclear and remains difficult to determine.

Infrastructural damage has a major humanitarian impact on populations. Floods have caused the destruction of eleven bridges and this has meant transportation costs to rise considerably. As a result, the price of basic food staples has also increased dramatically in several locations across the country, including the capital. The price of corn, which is the most important food source in three regions, has increased as follows:

July 2007 (CFA/kg)
Jan 2008 (CFA/kg)
August 2008 (CFA/kg)
Kara (Central)
Dapaong (North)

Sub-regional implications

Landlocked countries such as Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger rely on the port of Lomé for their supply of goods that are conveyed by road. Ports and roads in bordering countries such as Ghana or Benin can be used as alternative routes, but customs and entrance fees to Togo have already been paid, and rerouting via Ghana or Benin causes additional fees and an increase in transportation costs.

Immediate Needs and Response

- UNDP has planned to provide two temporary bridges to link the north to the south of the country along the main road (Expected cost: USD 400,000);

- The UN system is preparing capacity building activities, and intends to provide water tanks, medicine, and other critical items;

- The Red Cross movement has started to respond to the situation. Their initial intervention has been limited to first aid, rescue operations and registration of the displaced in camps and affected villages. They are planning to implement a comprehensive response gradually and focus their efforts on the northern regions;

- WFP, UNICEF and FAO have jointly appealed for CERF Rapid Response funding in order to address the deteriorating food security situation in the country, with a particular emphasis on the needs of populations victim of the 2007 floods.

- WFP aims at providing 400 MT of food aid to affected populations in the south of Togo and in the central and northern regions (where flooding in 2007 created needs which remain unmet, and which have now actually increased due to the recent extensive damage to Togo's infrastructures).

- OCHA provided surge capacity in support of the UNRC. Following a field assessment, OCHA Regional Office facilitated the release of non-food items from the UN Humanitarian Response Depot in Brindisi, Italy. Relief items are expected to be shipped by air from Italy to Togo in the coming days.

- On 9 August, ECOWAS allocated USD 113,000 (50,000,000 FCFA) in support of the Government's crisis management efforts in response to the floods.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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