Benin + 13 more

Special update on floods in West Africa - 30 Oct 2007

Situation Report
Originally published


Around 800,000 people have been affected by floods in 14 countries in West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, The Gambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Togo, Sierra Leone, Benin, Ghana and Guinea)(1) . Among the hardest hit countries are: Ghana (over 332,000 affected), Togo (over 127,900 affected), Burkina Faso (over 92,900 affected), Niger (57,000), Mauritania (53,000) and Mali (over 42,000 affected).


United Nations agencies and NGOs in Burkina Faso launched a flash appeal of 5,9 million USD on 26 October.

United Nations agencies in Guinea have received one million USD from the Central Emergency Response Fund including 362,875 USD for flood affected people.

To date, the 12 million Flash Appeal for Ghana has been funded up to 3,071,373 USD, including 2,496,956 USD from the CERF and 574,417 USD from Canada (272,000 USD) and Sweden (302,417 USD).

Situation and response


Flooding in the Upper East Region, Upper West Region, Northern Region and parts of the Western Region have affected 332,600 people and caused the death of 56 according to the Government. Some 35,000 houses and 1,500 kilometers and thousands hectares of crops have been destroyed. On 9 October an appeal for international assistance was launched by the government for the reconstruction of flood devastated areas.


So far, the flash appeal of $12,410,000 launched by the United Nations and partners has been funded up to 3,071,373 USD, including 2,496,956 USD from the CERF and 574,417 USD from Canada (272,000 USD) and Sweden (302,417 USD).

Humanitarian organisations have started the disinfection of boreholes in the affected areas, while distribution of water filters and tablets continue. As for food and nutrition, WFP is conducting assessment on the field to make sure that all the relevant needs are taken into account. Distribution of food aid is still on going in the districts.

In order to ensure the functioning of schools in affected areas, the ministry of Education and Humanitarian partners work together to determine the number of temporal shelters needed for the relocation. In addition, education actors are expected to come up with a new temporal classroom design to replace the damaged ones. Funding is therefore needed to add momentum to education in flood affected areas. Health experts from WHO headquarters in Geneva have brought their support at the national level.

IFRC has brought assistance in terms of shelter, relief and public health. The federation is awaiting non food relief items from Dubai to distribute to the already identified families. UNHCR has stock of non food items in the country; the Agency has put its trucks to help move relief items from Accra to the districts.

Burkina Faso

According to the government, September floods have affected over 93,000 people in Burkina Faso and caused more than 28,000 displaced and 52 deaths.


On 26 October, the United Nations and partner organizations launched a flash appeal for $5.9 million to assist 93,000 people. Following the floods, emergency humanitarian operations were initiated by the government, the United Nations and NGOs. Despite initial relief assistance delivered by government and humanitarian actors to flood affected people, additional resources are needed to cover remaining needs. Funds from the appeal will support food security, health care, education, access to safe water and sanitation, rehabilitation of basic shelter, and non-food items. Governmental institutions, the United Nations, NGOs and the Burkina Red Cross will undertake these projects. Since the beginning of floods, the government of Burkina Faso has disbursed 1,144,371 USD to assist flood victims.


Some 20,000 people are affected by flooods in Guinea, notably in the central province of Mamou and the northern provinces of Dabola and Dinguiraye.


The Central Emergency Response Fund of the United Nations (CERF) has allocated 362,875 USD for 1,200 flood affected households in Mamou,1,200 in Dabola and 1,000 in Dinguiraye. Funds will be used for an agricultural emergency programme that will be implemented by FAO in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture, Africare and Concern Universal.


Floods victims are estimated at 10,000. The affected areas are the northern provinces of Atacora, Donga, Borgou and Alibori; the southern provinces of Atlantique and Littoral, Mono, Couffo, Ouémé and Plateau; and the central provinces of Zou and Collines.


The government has disbursed over 3,400,000 USD (1,548,786,157 CFA) to respond to floods. The funds have been used among other things to drain stagnant waters and disinfect wells; distribute medicines, clean drinking water, food items and mosquito nets; repair public infrastructures and relocate victims.

OCHA Regional Office in West Africa is centralising existing information and issuing weekly situation reports. Other documents related to floods in West Africa are available in OCHA ROWA website at and


(1) Breakdown of flood related figures is annexed to the report.

For more information, please contact M. Ndiaga Seck at: or Mrs. Katy Thiam at:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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