Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Appeal 2006

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 18 Jul 2006


Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP)
The CAP is much more than an appeal for money. It is an inclusive and coordinated programme cycle of:

(a) strategic planning leading to a Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP);

(b) resource mobilisation (leading to a Consolidated Appeal or a Flash Appeal);

(c) coordinated programme implementation;

(d) joint monitoring and evaluation;

(e) revision, if necessary; and

(f) reporting on results.

The CHAP is a strategic plan for humanitarian response in a given country or region and includes the following elements:

(a) a common analysis of the context in which humanitarian action takes place;

(b) an assessment of needs;

(c) best, worst, and most likely scenarios;

(d) stakeholder analysis, i.e. who does what and where;

(e) a clear statement of longer-term objectives and goals;

(f) prioritised response plans; and

(g) a framework for monitoring the strategy and revising it if necessary.

The CHAP is the foundation for developing a Consolidated Appeal or, when crises break or natural disasters strike, a Flash Appeal. Under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, the CHAP is developed at the field level by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Country Team. This team mirrors the IASC structure at headquarters and includes UN agencies and standing invitees, i.e. the International Organization for Migration, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and NGOs that belong to ICVA, Interaction, or SCHR. Non-IASC members, such as national NGOs, can be included, and other key stakeholders in humanitarian action, in particular host governments and donors, should be consulted.

The Humanitarian Coordinator is responsible for the annual preparation of the consolidated appeal document. The document is launched globally each November to enhance advocacy and resource mobilisation. An update, known as the Mid-Year Review, is to be presented to donors in July 2006.

Donors provide resources to appealing agencies directly in response to project proposals. The Financial Tracking Service (FTS), managed by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), is a database of donor contributions and can be found on www.reliefweb.int/fts

In sum, the CAP works to provide people in need the best available protection and assistance, on time.

INTRODUCTION

Seventeen consolidated appeals and two flash appeals in 2006 bring together key organisations on the ground – non-governmental organisations, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the United Nations, and other international organisations – to present strategic action plans and detailed project proposals for the world’s largest and most acute humanitarian crises. Their aim is to provide people in need the best available protection and assistance, on time.

Much has been achieved in the face of these crises in the first half of 2006. Much more remains to be done. Funding for these appeals overall stands at 36% of requirements (US$1.7 billion funded against requirements of $4.8 billion ). In this Mid-year Review, teams in these crisis-affected countries offer updates of the contexts and causes of humanitarian need, amend their strategic response plans and specific projects as needed, and summarise achievements to date.

In the midst of a major new round of humanitarian reforms, the basic rationale of the consolidated appeal process – part of the humanitarian reforms of 14 years ago – remains relevant: to overcome the prolific structure of the humanitarian system’s implementation side by bringing organisations together into a common analysis, strategy and action plan; and to combine what would be overlapping, competing single-agency appeals into a comprehensive compendium of priority projects that avoids gaps and serves as a meaningful funding barometer for each crisis.



Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

EXAMPLES OF KEY ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN 2006

HUMANITARIAN REFORM IN 2006

  • How the cluster leadership approach fills gaps and strengthens sector coordination
  • Strengthening the Humanitarian Coordinator System: individuals who can deliver effective leadership in humanitarian emergencies
  • Faster and more equitable funding: the Central Emergency Response Fund

THE CONSOLIDATED APPEAL PROCESS AND THE HUMANITARIAN REFORM

FLASH APPEALS: LESSONS LEARNED

NEEDS ANALYSIS AND STRATEGIC MONITORING

NGOS AND THE RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT MOVEMENT IN APPEALS

FUNDING AT MID-2006

  • Funding in proportion to donor GDP
  • Funding per beneficiary
  • Funding per sector
  • Funding ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ the CAP

BURUNDI
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CHAD
CÔTE D'IVOIRE
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
GREAT LAKES REGION
GUINEA
HORN OF AFRICA
LIBERIA
NEPAL
OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY
REPUBLIC OF CONGO
SOMALIA
SUDAN
UGANDA
WEST AFRICA
ZIMBABWE
TIMOR-LESTE FLASH APPEAL
GUINEA-BISSAU FLASH APPEAL
ETHIOPIA
INDONESIA EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE PLAN
NORTH CAUCASUS (RUSSIAN FEDERATION) TRANSITIONAL WORKPLAN

APPEAL FOR IMPROVING HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE CAPACITY: CLUSTER 2006

ANNEX I.

  • ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

ANNEX II.
  • 2006 CONSOLIDATED & FLASH APPEALS: SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS AND FUNDING PER SECTOR

ANNEX III.
  • 2006 CONSOLIDATED & FLASH APPEALS: SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS AND FUNDING PER APPEAL

Note: The full text of this appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Full Original Mid-Term Review [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]

* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368
E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.