Benin

Benin - Floods Information Report No. 1

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0416
1. UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR IN COTONOU INFORMS OF FINDINGS OF MISSION SENT ON 29 SEPTEMBER-2 OCTOBER TO ASSESS IMPACT OF FLOODS WHICH HAD AFFECTED ZOU PROVINCE IN SOUTHERN BENIN IN SEPTEMBER 1996.

SITUATION

2. HEAVY RAINS CAUSED OVERFLOWING OF OUEME RIVER AND SRE LAKE. AS A RESULT, FLOODS OCCURRED IN MOST OF PROVINCE'S SOUTHERN PARTS, AFFECTING IN PARTICULAR TOWNS OF OUINHI, ZAGNANADO, AND, TO LESS EXTENT, COVE. 147,901 PERSONS HAVE BEEN AFFECTED, 11 PERSONS KILLED, AND 826 LEFT WITHOUT SHELTER.

3. WHILE FLOOD WATER IS GRADUALLY RECEDING IN ZAGNANADO, VILLAGES IN OUINHI STILL REMAIN CUT OFF FROM REST OF PROVINCE DUE TO HEAVY DAMAGE TO ROADS. WHILE WORST PHASE IS CONSIDERED TO HAVE PASSED, SITUATION REMAINS PRECARIOUS.

4. IN ZAGNANADO, 583 HA OF CULTIVATED LAND IN 11 VILLAGES HAVE BEEN FLOODED, AND 893 TONS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION WERE LOST. DAMAGE TO CATTLE AND ROADS IS ALSO REPORTED. MANY PERSONS ARE WOUNDED OR SUFFERING FROM DIARRHOEA AND VOMITING.

5. IN OUINHI, 13 OUT OF 28 VILLAGES WERE INUNDATED. 59 HUTS WERE DESTROYED. FOUR PERSONS WERE KILLED IN COMMUNES OF TOHOUES. 1,544.5 HA OF CULTIVATED LAND WERE FLOODED IN COMMUNES OF DASSO, TOHOUES, SAGON, AND OUINHI.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

6. FIRE SERVICE WAS MOBILIZED FOR RESCUE AND EMERGENCY RELIEF ACTIVITIES. WATER TANKS WERE BROUGHT IN TO PROVIDE PORTABLE WATER TO AFFECTED COMMUNES.

7. NO GOVERNMENTAL REQUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE HAS BEEN RECEIVED BY DHA SO FAR.

ASSISTANCE NEEDS

8. ACCORDING TO UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR, MAIN NEEDS ARE FOR MEDICINES TO CONTAIN WATER-RELATED DISEASES, IN PARTICULAR CHOLERA AND YELLOW FEVER. OTHER SECTORS REQUIRING ASSISTANCE INCLUDE FOOD/AGRICULTURE, EDUCATION, SHELTER, AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

9. HEALTH/SANITATION: WATER-RELATED DISEASES ARE COMMONLY OBSERVED, ESPECIALLY IN ZAGNANADO AND OUINHI. 191 CASES OF CHOLERA ARE REPORTED, INCLUDING 11 DEATHS. PHARMACEUTICAL STOCK HAS BEEN DAMAGED, AND STAGNANT WATER INCREASES FEAR OF WORSENING SANITARY SITUATION. WHILE WHO, NATIONAL CIVIL PROTECTION COMMITTEE, AND MEDICO-SWISS PROGRAM HAVE BEEN PROVIDING MEDICAL ITEMS (DETAILED LIST AVAILABLE AT DHA), MORE ASSISTANCE IS NEEDED
IN THIS SECTOR.

10. FOOD/AGRICULTURE - SEVERE DAMAGE WAS CAUSED ESPECIALLY IN SOUTHERN PARTS OF ZOU PROVINCE, WITH MANY AGRICULTURAL PATHS DESTROYED. AS MANY FOOD PRODUCTS WERE LOST IN FLOODS, FOOD PRICE IS INCREASING. LATE AND WEAKENED AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IS FEARED. SO FAR, NO ASSISTANCE HAS BEEN PROVIDED IN THIS SECTOR.

11. EDUCATION - IN SEVERAL SCHOOLS IN TOHOUES, SAGON, AND DASSO COMMUNES, START OF NEW SCHOOL YEAR HAS BEEN DELAYED, BECAUSE OF DAMAGE TO SCHOOLS AND TO ACCESS TO SCHOOLS. ASSISTANCE NEEDS INCLUDE BLACKBOARDS, TABLES, BENCHES, AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL.

12. SHELTER - MANY DAMAGED HOUSES ARE YET TO BE RECONSTRUCTED. MOST DISPLACED VICTIMS HAVE FOUND SHELTER WITH RELATIVES OR NEIGHBORS, OR ARE RETURNING GRADUALLY AS WATER RECEDES. ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE MOSQUITO NETS, OLD CLOTHING, AND BLANKETS.

13. ROADS/INFRASTRUCTURE - RURAL ROADS ARE DAMAGED THROUGHOUT PROVINCE, AND SEVERAL AREAS ARE STILL INACCESSIBLE. AS THIS IS DISTURBING LOCAL COMMERCE, NEGATIVE IMPACT ON LOCAL ECONOMY IS FEARED.

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