A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
In accordance with International Sanitary Regulations, Benin Republic declared a cholera epidemic on August 29, 2016, following the recording of some cases of diarrhea and the biological confirmation of cholera by the national laboratory. The first index case was detected in the commune of So-Ava on August 9, 2016. This epidemic spread in several communes of the country in particular to Savalou, Dassa-Zoumé, So-Ava, Zê and Cotonou, which experienced more than 70% of the cases registered at the national level. Faced with this situation, the Benin Red Cross requested and obtained a DREF (Disaster Relief Emergency Fund) in order to contribute effectively to the response. With the assistance of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the Benin Red Cross came to the rescue of the Ministry of Health in responding to this epidemic.
The activities carried out mainly in Cotonou by the Benin Red Cross were geared towards sensitizing communities, promoting hygiene practices to complement government efforts, distributing WASH kits, and organizing training sessions for volunteers and supervisors.
Death cases were recorded in the communes of Savalou (4), Bantè (1), So-Ava (1), Cotonou II (3), Cotonou III (2) Cotonou V (1) and Sèmè-Kpodji (1).
A total of 678 cases of cholera were recorded of which 13 (1.92%) were lethal. The last case of cholera confirmed by the national laboratory was on 14 November 2016 and according to WHO recommendations, the end of the Cholera epidemic occurs two weeks after the confirmation of the last case by the laboratory. Taking this recommendation into account and the epidemiological situation of Cholera (Zero case) since November 14, 2016, the end of the epidemic was declared on Thursday, December 8, 2016 by the Minister of Health.