WFP Emergency Report No. 45 of 2000
From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org. For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.
(A) Palestinian Territory
(a) WFP is preparing an emergency operation for people affected by prolonged closure of the Territory. The objective of the EMOP is to help cover the immediate food requirements of poor and vulnerable households among the non-refugee population, who have been suddenly deprived of their main source of livelihood because of the current crisis and have no significant coping mechanisms. UNRWA is also re-assessing relief food needs for the refugee population.
(b) The EMOP is expected to benefit around 260,000 people during a period of three months. The requirements of 9,700 tons of basic food are estimated to cost some USD 3.9 million. If the closures continue, the duration and requirements for emergency assistance are expected to increase. To start-up the operation, WFP has released USD 200,000 from its immediate response account. This will ensure 650 tons of food within the region, which will assist an initial 65,000 people (13,000 families) for one month.
(c) The targeted population of the EMOP are additional to the 100,000 special hardship cases already assisted through the ongoing PRRO. WFP provides food assistance to the non-refugee population while UNRWA assists the refugee camp population.
(B) Russian Federation / Northern Caucasus
(a) WFP provided 2,048 tons of food for distribution to 135,900 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ingushetia during October. Of this total, 1,824 tons were distributed by DRC to 121,000 beneficiaries in Karabulak, Malgobek, Sunzha districts and Nazran city, and 224 tons were distributed by Islamic Relief (IR) to 14,900 beneficiaries in Nazran region. Until last month, the food needs of the latter beneficiary caseload were covered in full by IR.
(b) The Russian Government suspended distributions of bread and hot meals to IDPs in camps in Ingushetia in early October, due to lack of funds.
(c) In November, WFP is planing to distribute around 2,400 tons of food to 158,100 registered IDPs in Ingushetia except for those in Sputnik and Severny camps that are still assisted by IR.
(d) According to the Ingush Migration Service, new IDPs from Chechnya have been arriving on a daily basis. Danish Refugee Council (DRC) reported that 6,059 new IDPs were registered in October and the total IDP population in Ingushetia at the end of the month was 169,070.
(e) In Chechnya, WFP-supplied food commodities were distributed to around 57,000 beneficiaries (IDPs and vulnerable groups) in all four districts of Grozny. People in Need Foundation (PINF) distributed 404 tons of food to 34,400 beneficiaries in Leninsky, Oktyabrsky and Zavodskoy and DRC distributed 270 tons of food to 22,500 beneficiaries in Staropromiskovsky district.
(f) In November, WFP will continue to send food convoys to Grozny through PINF, DRC and Polish Humanitarian Organisation (PHO). PINF and DRC are expected to distribute relief food to 76,000 IDPs and vulnerable groups in the four districts of Grozny and the Grozny region, and PHO to distribute bread to 1,000 beneficiaries of institution feeding projects (hospital patients, children in safe zone area). Additional 320 tons will be provided to the Centre for Peace-making and Community Development (CPCD) in Urus-Martan and Achkoy-Martan districts, for institution feeding and food-for-work (FFW)activities benefiting 20,500 beneficiaries.
(g) Relief supplies available in Chechnya are significantly lower that those available for IDPs in Ingushetia. With the winter, it is feared that many more people will leave Grozny for other parts of Chechnya and Ingushetia.
(h) Donors have so far pledged slightly over USD 8.5 million for the implementation of the WFP emergency operation (EMOP) in Northern Caucasus, of the total cash requirement of about USD 14 million. These contributions will allow WFP to cover about 76 percent of food commodity requirements.
(C) Indonesia / West Timor
(a) WFP operations in West Timor remain suspended, since the killing of three UN workers in September. It is still uncertain when WFP will be able to return and restart its feeding programmes for refugees from East Timor, as this will depend on the Government ensuring minimum guarantees for the safety and security of relief workers there.
(b) An inquiry team from the UN Security Council is expected to begin a ten-day visit to Indonesia and East Timor at the end of the week, to review the situation and assess the progress of the Government efforts to disarm anti-independence militias in West Timor. The findings and recommendations of the Security Council mission are expected to give more indications about the prospects for the return of UN staff and resumption of UN operations in West Timor.
(c) Indonesian Government has been providing limited assistance to the refugees in West Timor and has reportedly started registration of refugees there. Some international NGOs have reportedly returned to West Timor.
(D) India / Rajahstan
(a) Three quarters of the area of Rajahstan state continue to be affected by the drought. Although Monsoon has somewhat abated the situation, the rains have not been sufficient to resolve the problem in the longer-term and the population continues to suffer drought effects. It is estimated that 31 of 32 districts have been affected (40 million people and 50 million cattle). Some 41,528 villages are reportedly affected. More than half of the crop has been lost in 30,585 villages (two-thirds of these villages are facing high losses of 75 percent and more).
(b) WFP is planing to allocate 900 tons of food for distribution to the most vulnerable in five of the affected districts, from January to May. Some 425 tons of food have already been distributed to drought victims. Among the 60,000 beneficiaries who received assistance approximately 20,000 were pregnant and lactating women, 15,000 girls and 25,000 boys under six. Overall, 239,900 women and children are expected to receive additional food aid allocation due to the drought.
(c) State authorities have approved implementation of the World Vision FFW project that targets the neediest families. WFP will provide 1,000 tons of food to support this project.
(d) Many other relief initiatives
in response to the drought are currently being prepared in Gujarat and
Rajahstan by the State Governments, UNDP, OCHA, Asian Development Bank,
CARE, OXFAM and CRS. WFP interventions are
coordinated with those of the Government and other partners.
(a) Flood situation in the districts of Chuadanga, Meherpur, Jhenaidah, Kushtia, and to a degreee in Jessore, is improving with the gradual recession of water. The situation in Satkhira districts still continues to be of concern. On 28 October, a tidal surge and storm struck the southern districts of Bangladesh and further aggravated flooding with some new areas going under water.
(b) Vast areas of Satkhira district continue to be water-logged and this will impair any agricultural activities and limit off-farm employment opportunities. Similar situation has been reported in the worst affected sub-districts of Jessore district. In Satkhira, the flood affected 41 unions in 6 sub-districts, some 630,558 people - of which 529,000 took refuge in 435 relief shelters. Some have since started returning home.
(c) Around 13,000 tons of rice have been allocated by the Government for relief distributions to the people affected by the flood in nine affected districts. Additional 11,000 tons of rice have been allocated for vulnerable group feeding projects expected to benefit 697,600 people.
(d) The immediate response of WFP to the floods has been to approve a designated authority EMOP and purchase 230 tons of biscuits, which will be distributed through the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief and the NGO BRAC. WFP will continue to closely monitor the situation and coordinate with the Government and other agencies
(e) Post-Flood Rehabilitation Needs Assessment mission led by WFP, which involves several UN agencies, donors and international NGO, has just visited flood-affected areas and will shortly meet with the Government to discuss its findings and recommendations for further action.
(F) Southeast Asia
(a) WFP has already distributed 800 tons of rice to some 16,000 families most affected by the flood, through an immediate response EMOP, worth USD 200,000. A new, expanded EMOP was approved in mid-October, at a total value of over USD 9 million, for a period of six-months (October to March). This operation will be carried out in three phases: (i): emergency distributions of 5,150 tons of food to 500,000 affected people for one month; (ii) stabilisation distributions of 5,350 tons of food to 250,000 people for two months, to facilitate resumption of their normal lives; (iii) rehabilitation distributions of 4,815 tons of food to 115,000 most vulnerable people over a period of three months, through FFW activities in repair works).
(b) Since the emergency begun, WFP has also allocated 1,500 tons of its PRRO food stocks in the country, to assist the flood victims. All distributions of WFP food are implemented by Cambodian Red Cross.
(c) With several agencies doing assessments of different type, it has been agreed to formulate a common assessment format and strategy for these activities.
(a) WFP response to the flood emergency has been the approval of a designated authority EMOP, which has ensured purchases of 945 tons of rice that are currently being distributed by the WFP implementing partner, Vietnam Red Cross, to some 91,000 beneficiaries.
(b) A joint UN appeal was launched on 20 October at a total cost of some USD 9.4 million (including USD 1.7 million for food assistance).
(c) WFP will continue close monitoring of developments.
(a) WFP provided an immediate response to the floods through a designated authority EMOP approved in late October for USD 200,000. A total of 520 tons of glutinous rice has been purchased. The rice will be distributed to 17,000 most affected people in three districts of Khammouane province and two districts of Champassak province.
(b) Based on a detailed data analysis of the flood affected areas, rice will be distributed to villages that have lost crops on more than 50 percent of the planted area (generally facing a likely loss of an average of 680 kg per family).
(c) WFP rice will be delivered to points at sub-district level, where it will be handed over to the representatives of village development committees and subsequently distributed to beneficiaries.
(d) A new WFP EMOP was approved on 3 November for an eight-month period. Through this operation, WFP is hoping to provide 8,160 tons of food to some 103,000 people in five provinces using food-for-rehabilitation modality of relief distributions.
(G) DPR Korea
(a) WFP/FAO Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission took place between 14 and 21 October. The mission report is expected shortly. The findings of the mission are expected to form the basis for preparing the WFP Programme in DPR Korea next year.
(b) During October, the following contributions to WFP operation in DPR Korea have been confirmed: 100,000 tons of maize from the Republic of Korea, 60,000 tons of wheat from the US and 16,000 tons of wheat from the EU. WFP requires approximately 36,000 tons of cereals each month, to assist vulnerable groups in the country.
(c) In response to damages caused by tropical storms in late summer, WFP allocated 400 tons of food for FFW projects in North Hamgyong province (Kyongsong county). The project involves 15,000 workers in following five types of activities: (i) road reconstruction; (ii) embankment repair; (iii) clearing of sand and debris from agricultural fields; (iv) repair of railway sections; (v) bridge repair.
(d) WFP has tentatively allocated additional 6,000 tons of food, due to arrive in November, to similar projects in other storm damaged areas. Provinces affected by the typhoon, which are also known food insecure areas, will continue to be given priority when allocating food from incoming shipments.
(e) Approximately ten percent of all WFP resources in the country are channelled through FFW activities. The four main areas of involvement are: (i) rehabilitation of agriculture; (ii) reforestation (iii) fish-pond rehabilitation, (iv) salt pan rehabilitation. These areas are also government rehabilitation priorities. As of the end of October, 136 FFW projects have been completed and 26 are on-going under the current EMOP (July 1999-December 2000). Some 77,000 tons of food have been allocated for these 162 projects, benefiting over two million people (747,000 workers directly involved and members of their families).
(a) Since January, Ethiopia has received a total of 1,231,233 tons of food aid. Around 76 percent of this total arrived via Djibouti port, 7 percent via Berbera port, 17 percent was purchased locally and 0.3 percent delivered by air. The majority of food aid, some 80 percent, has been for relief operations. Some 484,763 tons of the food aid was channelled through WFP.
(b) Emergency Needs Assessment (ENA) is expected to start in Tigray and Borena at the end of the week. The Tigray mission was postponed for a week to allow assessment of possible damages by recent heavy rains. The ENA will involve 22 teams (over 100 team members), who will cover 61 zones in all parts of the country. A two-day training of assessment teams is on-going. In connection with the ENA, a possible Somali Region aerial livestock assessment is being discussed, to obtain better information on actual livestock population in the region.
(c) Somali Region: The number of new admissions in supplementary feeding centres in Korahe Zone is decreasing. This is attributed to the fact that nomadic population is moving towards improved grazing areas, following a much higher rainfall during the deyr rains than in previous years. However, the rain is also causing problems for storage of recently harvested sorghum. Rainfall situation in Shinile zone is reported to be good, but there are reports of new IDPs in urgent need of assistance, arriving daily to Dembel woreda from surrounding areas. Excessive rainfall in Warder zone has led to floods. In Gode, deyr rains are continuing and the number of beneficiaries in therapeutic and supplementary feeding centres is decreasing.
(d) There has been an increase in confrontations between the Ethiopian Army and the Ogaden National Liberation Front in Somali Region. Clan problems along Ethiopia-Kenya border continue and have been caused displacement of Garre people across the border into Ethiopia.
(e) SNNP Region: Unusually heavy rainfall has been reported from Wolayta, resulting in rotting of maize crops and water-logging affects. The farmers have not been able to harvest the crops. The rain has some positive effects on the growth of sweet potato and enset.
(f) WFP food has been dispatched to facilitate repatriation of 2,400 Kenyan refugees. Some 4,760 Kenyan refugees are expected and scheduled to repatriate by the end of the year.
(g) Daily average discharge in the Port of Djibouti has been 4,000-4,500 tons. WFP special operation to upgrade the Port of Djibouti is in its final stages. Berth 13 is fully operational, and a mobile storage unit has been erected.
(a) Preliminary results from the first round of WFP's Annual Needs Assessment (ANA) in southern Sudan show a 15-20 percent increase in food needs in 2001 compared to this year. The first round of the ANA suggests that the most food insecure areas next year will be Aweil West County, Ruweng County, Leech, Phou and Bieh states, as well as Torit and Kapoeta counties. Gogrial, Twic and Aweil East counties, and Latjor State are expected to be moderately food insecure. It is anticipated that pockets of food insecurity will be found in Bor and Pibor counties, and in Abiey, Tonj, Rumbek, Yirol and Wau counties. In contrast, it is expected that Yei and Mundri counties will be food self-sufficient, and Yambio, Maridi and Tambura counties will be surplus-producing areas.
(b) Preliminary findings from the southern Sudan leg of the FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission point to high crop production in Western Equatoria including Yei and Kajo Keji counties in Eastern Equatoria. However, food deficits are expected next year in northern Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile and Jonglei, as well as parts of Eastern Equatoria. The Lakes region is on the whole expected to be food self-sufficient, though with pockets of food insecurity where, for instance, there are high number of internally displaced persons. The Sobat area is expected to have pockets of food insecurity. ANA and FAO/WFP Assessment exercise are closely coordinated.
(c) Food aid provided by WFP represents 62 percent of the total food aid destined for southern Sudan during the period January to October. The remaining 38 percent of the relief food has been provided by CRS, NAP, WVI and LWF, which operate in Equatoria and Lakes regions.
(d) Heavy rains washed away sections of the road between Lokichoggio in north-western Kenya and Narus in Kapoeta County, Eastern Equatoria, during October. This delayed food aid convoys destined for distribution sites in Kapoeta County. WFP recently sent an engineer to assess the extent of the damages, prior to carrying out emergency repairs on the road. At present, it takes WFP-contracted trucks a whole day to travel the 45 km stretch of road between Lokichoggio and Narus, instead of the usual 2-3 hours.
(a) The northern department of Haiti experienced heavy rain last week, which caused floods in the departmental capital of Cap Haitien and in rural areas of this department. Based on provisional reports by the Government, 3,000 people have been directly affected by the floods in Cap Haitien and possibly 3,000 more in small towns. The affected people were temporarily protected in churches and community buildings.
(b) In coordination with the Government, WFP has distributed food aid to the affected people, using stocks from its ongoing projects available in the country. Rations were distributed for a period of one week, as most of the affected people are expected to return to their homes shortly. WFP also assisted with the delivery of tools for clearing of some affected areas, as per Government request.
(c) WFP would be able to provide additional food aid to the affected people if the situation required this. Other UN agencies and some NGOs committed emergency assistance as well, including UNICEF, WHO, FAO, CARE and CRS.
Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons
(End WFP Emergency Report No 45)