WASH Sector Cox's Bazar Situation Report, 31 December 2017
1.2 Million in need of immediate WASH support
Overall target* for the WASH Sector: 1,166,000 individuals
Number of people reached** with WASH assistance to date: 766,076 individuals
Total approx. gap for the WASH Sector: 399,924 individuals
Based on the Humanitarian Response Plan the current target of the WASH Sector is 1,166,000, out of which 853,309 are targeted for Water, 914,899 for Sanitation and 1,166,000 for Hygiene. To reduce the public health risk, decommissioning of non-functional latrine has started but still a large number of tube wells and latrines needs to be decommissioned, rehabilitated or relocated. For the reception areas near the crossing points (close to the border area), the WASH partners are distribting RRM kit (based on the needs and number of new influx) and maintaining the mobile sanitation facilities. The existing public health conditions in the different camps and makeshift settlements are currently unsatisfactory due to poor sanitation facilities, poor water quality, space limitation and terrain, this combined with the increased population, has greatly increased the risk of serious public health hazards.
Total estimated people reached with immediate WASH assistance: 766,076 individuals Collectively the sector have installed 6,021 tube wells, out of which 4,583 are currently functional (76%). For sanitation, 39,569 temporary emergency latrines have been built out of which 31,106 are functional (79%). 199,708 hygiene kits/NFIs have been distributed in the major spontaneous sites, makeshift settlements, and refugee camps as well as in some nearby host communities. A potential site has been identified to construct a large scale sludge treatment unit which will initially cover over 0.5 million people in Kutupolong mega site. RRRC & DPHE endorsed the location of the site and sludge treatment technology, construction work will be started from next week. In addition to that 2 other small scale sludge treatment unit are also functioning. Sector partners have started mapping out latrines which requires decommissioning or desludging and so far 8% of the latrines have been mapped (with GPS coordinates). The decommissioning of the substandard latrines has started which will improve the sanitation condition in the camps. To improve the sanitation condition of the sites, Bangladesh Army has completed construction of over 9,000 latrine. There is a ongo-ing discussion to construct additional 5000 latrine and bathing facilities but considering the congestion at the camps the construction work could not be initiated. Based on the 3rd round of water quality testing by WHO, 1794 water samples were tested at source and household (HH) level. The results indicate that 70% of water sources and 19% of HH level samples are safe. Understanding the situation, WASH sector has prioritized hygiene promotion and HH level water treatment but the partners have not been able to scale up the response as required. WASH sector partners received ToT on hygiene promotion through UNICEF, Oxfam and the IFRC support. The training lasted for two days and attended by most of the sector partners (70 participants, 2 per agency). This will assist partners to scale up hygiene promotion activities including household water treatment.