WASH Sector Cox's Bazar Situation Report, 3 December 2017
Based on the Humanitarian Response Plan the current target of the WASH Sector is 1,166,000, out of which 853,309 are targeted for Water, 914,899 for Sanitation and 1,166,000 for Hygiene. There is a continuing influx of refugees resulting in the increase in population at multiple sites which is continues to overload existing WASH facilities due to heavy use. To reduce the public health risk, there are large number of nonfunctional latrines and tube wells need to be decommission and repaired/relocated. Reception areas near the crossing points close to border area have very limited safe water and sanitation facilities. The new arrivals are receiving bottled water (1.5 litres) and sector partners have provided mobile sanitation facilities.
The existing public health conditions in the different camps and makeshift settlements are currently unsatisfactory due to poor sanitation facilities, poor water quality, space limitation and terrain, this combined with the increased population, has greatly increased the risk of serious public health hazards. As a part of AWD preparedness and response plans sector partners are prepositioning contingency supplies which includes water purification tablets, chlorine pow- der and NFI kit, in addition to continuing to meet immediate needs for hygiene kits. WASH and health sector partners will be jointly visiting different sites/camps to select appropriate locations for setting up DTC/DTU’s.
Total estimated people reached with immediate WASH assistance: 641,529 individuals Col- lectively the sector has reported 5,338 tube wells are installed, out of which 3,757 are currently functional (70%). For sanitation, 35,650 temporary emergency latrines have been built out of which 22,930 are functional (64%). The sludge technical working group continues to be very active meeting twice in the last week, they have moved from the search for land to the design- ing of the treatment units. Several partners are actively building small scale aerobic treatment systems for the densely populated sections of camp while two partners have designed much larger anaerobic treatment systems for the less densely populated sections of camps.
To protect the identified potential desludging sites, WASH Sector coordination team met with the military several times over the last few weeks and partners are now fencing off the sites. 112,920 hygiene kits/NFIs have been distributed in the major spontaneous sites, makeshift settlements, and refugee camps as well as in some nearby host communities. A workshop was held on hygiene promotion to harmonize approaches across the sector and to continue the scaling up the hygiene promotion component of the response. To address the solid waste management a partner made a presentation to the sector on the work they are doing in one zone. This approach will be scaled up in the future as the solid waste problem continues to grow. A final disposal site will eventually become a major issue given competing priorities for land. UNDP is mobilizing a technical team to identify the potential solution for all types of waste. Work on the strategy for 2018 has begun with technical working groups in water, sanitation and hygiene meeting to review and make recommendations for revisions in the current strategy. In line with the ongoing response pre-existing host community WASH intervention is also continued by the partners.