UNICEF requires US$20.7 million to implement its 2017-2018 Response Plan for Undocumented Myanmar National (UMN) children. For 2017, to address the needs of affected children and their families, UNICEF is seeking US$9.45 million.
On 30 May 2017, cyclone Mora made landfall on Bangladesh’s coastal region. Cox’s Bazar District, where the majority of the UMNs reside, faced the highest impact with an estimated 335,000 people affected. All eight UNICEF supported Child Friendly Spaces (CFS), 75 adolescent clubs and 33 learning centres were damaged, hampering access to Child Centred Care and education of approximately 10,500 children.
As of May 2017, fifteen out of 169 unaccompanied and separated children have been reunified with their families. 7,051 Rohingya children have had access to recreational and psychosocial support through eight UNICEF supported CFSs.
In May, 1,522 UMN children received access to pre-primary and nonformal basic education. 2,186 children were screened for malnutrition, of whom 129 referred for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment. 1,198 children aged 6-23 months were supplemented with Micronutrient Powders (MNP), and 2,730 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) received infant and young child feeding (IYCF) counselling. 98,765 children aged 9-59 months were vaccinated through the Measles Rubella (MR) campaign conducted by Government, UNICEF and WHO.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Around 300,000-500,000 Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) and 32,000 registered Rohingya refugees, coupled with another 74,000 newly arrived UMNs since October 2016, put enormous pressure on socio-economic structure of Cox’s Bazar district. The district is doubly vulnerable not only for its poor performance in child-related indicators but also for its vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change.
On 30 May, cyclone Mora made landfall over Bangladesh’s coastal region, with heavy rain and wind estimated at 130 km/h. As of 3 June, an estimated 3.3 million people have been affected across four districts under Chittagong division1. Cox’s Bazar faced the heaviest impact, with an estimated 335,000 people affected. The cyclone damaged 53,000 shelters across the district of which 17,000 were destroyed completely. Several health facility structures have been damaged. Teknaf, Kutubdia, Ukhia, and Moheshkali are the most affected Upazilas (sub-districts). Six camps, where UMNs and refugees reside, were ravaged and, shelters, latrine super-structure and schools were severely affected. 70%-80% of latrines in makeshift settlements were either partially or fully damaged.
All UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces (CFS), including psychosocial and recreational kits in the centres, which have been benefiting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities in Cox’s Bazar, have been damaged (four partially and four severely). Children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods, therefore children are often left unattended for long periods which might increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks.
As per the education sector assessment, 61 out of 314 non-formal schools/learning centres for out-of-school children in the registered camp, makeshift settlements and host communities are fully damaged, and 93 schools are partially damaged. As per the initial report of the District Primary Education office, 50 Government schools have been affected by cyclone Mora in Cox’s Bazar district. The affected schools and learning centres need to be re-built and/or rehabilitated to resume classes. The education materials of these schools were also destroyed either partially or fully.
Considering the increased vulnerability, resulting from cyclone Mora, of the UMNs and Bangladeshis in Cox’s Bazar, UNICEF continues to seek US$20.7 million to provide Child Centred Care, Education, Nutrition, WASH and Health support to 358,602 children for two years through direct interventions and by strengthening local governance systems. The response includes life-saving needs for the new influx, recovery support and medium-term development activities.