Flood waters have receded in many parts of Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan, allowing displaced persons to return to their homes. Light to moderate rainfall in late August continued to exacerbate flooding in Bihar State, India, where flooding has killed 520 people and displaced more than 20 million others as of August 28.
USAID/OFDA has provided $1 million to the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF) to support the implementation of nutrition and water, sanitation, and hygiene programming for eight flood-affected districts in Bihar State. UNICEF's nutrition program will support 12,000 children under 5 years of age and 3,000 pregnant and lactating mothers, while the water, sanitation, and hygiene program will provide essential services in approximately 500 displaced person camps and 500 affected villages.
NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
|Bangladesh||563 dead, 10.7 million affected||IFRC(1) - September 4, 2007|
|India||2,253 dead, 43 million affected||Government of India - August 28, 2007|
|Nepal||146 dead, 460,000 affected||OCHA(2) - August 21, 2007|
|Pakistan||420 dead, 2.5 million affected||OCHA - August 27, 2007|
HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE
USAID/OFDA Assistance to South Asia
for flooding: $3,042,604
Total USAID Humanitarian Assistance to South Asia for flooding: $3,042,604
According to IFRC, flood waters continue to recede across affected districts, and water levels at major rivers such as Brahmaputra-Jamuna and Ganges-Padma are falling or are below danger levels. As of September 4, nearly 11,000 people remain in 53 relief camps. Floods caused approximately $294 million in damages to the agricultural sector, according to the Government of Bangladesh's Department of Agricultural Extension.
Ongoing USAID/OFDA-funded disaster preparedness projects, including flood preparedness programs and water purification units pre-positioned with USAID partners CARE and Save the Children/US (SC/US), have contributed to the response. As of August 27, three of the units had provided more than 260,000 liters of purified drinking water in flood-affected areas.
Since early June, exceptionally heavy monsoon rains have led to widespread flooding, impacting 17 states in India. As of August 28, floods have killed at least 2,253 people and affected approximately 43 million others, according to the Government of India (GOI). The floods have caused more than $2 billion in damages, and the GOI continues to operate 1,325 relief camps sheltering nearly 1 million people.
A USAID/OFDA Regional Advisor, in conjunction with USAID/India and implementing partners, has conducted assessments in flood-affected areas and will return in September to review the situation and determine whether additional support is necessary.
Humanitarian assessments conducted through August 21 indicate that flooding affected 47 districts in Nepal, killing 146 people, impacting more than 78,000 families, and destroying nearly 25,000 houses, according to OCHA.
OCHA reported that strikes and blockades by political groups and flood-affected individuals prevented assistance from reaching some affected communities. On August 31, the U.N. World Food Program issued a statement urging all parties to allow the unhindered movement of humanitarian food assistance for flood-affected populations.
SC/US and the Nepal Red Cross Society have distributed flood relief supplies pre-positioned through an existing USAID/OFDA-funded preparedness program. The USAID/OFDA regional office in Nepal, in conjunction with USAID/Nepal and implementing partners, continues to monitor conditions.
On June 23, 2007, Tropical Cyclone Yemyin struck coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan provinces in southern Pakistan, causing widespread damage and flooding. As of August 27, OCHA reports that an estimated 250,000 people remain displaced in the most affected areas of Sindh and Balochistan provinces.
In the aftermath of the cyclone, USAID/OFDA supported Mercy Corps to procure and distribute emergency relief commodities in affected areas. In addition, USAID/OFDA supported the American Refugee Committee (ARC) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to provide emergency shelter and water, sanitation, and hygiene support in Balochistan Province. A USAID/OFDA Regional Advisor has conducted three assessment visits to Pakistan since Tropical Cyclone Yemyin struck.
(1) International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
(2) U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs