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Site Management and Site Development Sector Incident Reporting Mechanism 2020 (Report Analysis: April-November 2020)

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Assessment
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Highlights

  • Most incidents were reported in the month of April (321), followed by June and July (290 each)

  • Wind/Rain/Storm was the highest reported incident (974) affecting 146,984 individuals

  • Slope-failure incident (267) affected 6,871 individuals

  • Flood incidents affected 8,278, individuals out of which 1,897 were displaced

  • 47 incidents of fire were reported between April and November 2020 affecting 3,146 individuals

  • 32,714 partially damaged and 2,827 totally damaged shelters were reported in this period

Introduction

Following the military crackdown in August in Rakhine State, Myanmar, an estimated 700,000 Rohingya refugees fled to Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh. Previous influxes were recorded in October 2016, when approximately 87,000 people crossed into Bangladesh, and other waves were registered during the previous decades. The total number of Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar, including those residing in the district prior to August 2017 is estimated to be 854,702 individuals.

The Rohingya refugee population is concentrated in extremely congested sites within Ukhyia and Teknaf Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar district which is well known to be vulnerable due to annual monsoon and cyclone seasons. Most of the shelters where the refugees live are made of tarpaulin sheets and bamboo in areas that are either hilly or low-lying. The combination of densely populated sites and unsustainable shelter material exposes the refugee population to serious risks associated with heavy rains and high winds, such as flooding and landslides.

The Site Management Site Development Sector (SMSD) Daily Incident report (formerly known as the SM Category 1 Daily Incident Report) was established in May 2018 to support the Rohingya refugee response during the cyclone and monsoon season. This system was developed by the SMSD Sector in coordination with the Inter Sector Coordination Group (ISCG), and UNHCR with technical support from NPM. Through these assessments, Site Management Support (SMS)
Agencies systematically collect information across all camps in Cox’s Bazar affected by small-scale weather related incidents. The incidents captured through this mechanism refer to small-scale localised events (such as landslides, flood, windstorm) that cause minor to moderate damage and have little to no impact outside of the locally affected area. In case of Level 2 or 3 events1 , of larger scope, the ISCG would trigger a Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) and the SMS daily incident reporting exercise would be suspended. The purpose of the assessment is to track any daily incidents across all camps, and their impact on the affected population.

Overall, the assessment is aimed at:

• Collecting damaged and displacement information systematically across all ‘blocks’2 affected by small scale weather related events.

• Reporting on initial immediate actions taken.

• Providing a comprehensive overview of localised incidents occurring across all camps daily through the aggregation of all assessment reports received