Rohingya Refugee Crisis - WHO Bangladesh Weekly Situation Report # 9, 06 January 2018
As of 6 January 2018, a total of 3 523 cases clinically suspected with diphtheria and 58 laboratory confirmed cases (out of 185 cases tested) have been reported. 104 clinically suspected cases were admitted at diphtheria treatment facilities on 6 January 2018. A total of 30 deaths have been recorded so far. The last reported death was on 2 January.
Preparations are underway for the second round of Penta/Td vaccination for Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN), which will occur in January.
A vaccination campaign targeting children in the host community was held on 02 January during free book distribution day across 104 schools in Ukhia. A total of 29 377 children were vaccinated - 6 514 children 6 weeks to under 7 were vaccinated with pentavalent vaccine and 22 823 children 7 to 15 years were vaccinated with Td.
The upgraded EWARS system was launched on 1 January. Training is ongoing for DGHS representatives, agency focal points, health facilities, and diphtheria treatment centres to transition reporting to the revised system.
Since 25 August 2017, an estimated 655 500 Rohingya have crossed the border into Cox’s Bazar, joining approximately 300 000 others who had fled in earlier waves of displacement. Respiratory infection, skin disease, and acute watery diarrhea risks remain high with increasingly crowded living conditions, inadequate water and sanitation (WASH) facilities, and low vaccination coverage.
As of 06 January 2017 over 548 000 arrivals are in Kutupalong Balukhali expansion site, 242 000 in other camps and settlements, and 79 000 arrivals in host communities, impacting the already congested health response.
Pre-existing camps and settlements as well as new spontaneous settlements have expanded with the new influx.