As the influx of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar into Bangladesh looks set to continue, the daily environment for recent arrivals, long-term refugees and host communities is beset with risk – amongst which are specific risks in accessing food and income. Refugee populations, reliant on food aid and living in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions are increasingly putting themselves at risk in order to access food, fuel to cook food or markets. This is exacerbated by a general lack of essential services, including lighting, basic information and infrastructure. Men, women, boys and girls are facing unique and challenging threats and risks, which are not only affecting household safety, food security, health and nutrition but increasing tensions with host communities. Yet despite this, social networks, trade relationships and informal ties have the capacity to be harnessed to reduce risk and negative coping mechanisms.